There are many individuals who contribute to the education of the student with special needs. Their roles and responsibilities are varied, and each play an important part in the education of the student with disabilities. In the early years of special education, individuals with disabilities were not educated in the traditional classroom. Many of the students were left at home to be taught by their parents, or, sent away to institutions if the families were unable to care for them. In addition, some were education in private schools at the cost of the families. It was not until the 1970’s that special education became acceptable in the public schools. The passing of legislation made it possible for all students to have a right to a free and public education, regardless of their disabilities. The individual with disabilities education act (IDEA) opened the door to education for all students and therefore a change in special education.
Two years ago, I embarked on a journey that would teach me more than I had ever imagined. As a recent college graduate, I was thrilled to finally begin my teaching career in a field I have always held close to my heart. My first two years as a special education teacher presented countless challenges, however, it also brought me great fulfillment and deepened my passion for teaching students with special needs. The experiences I have had both before and after this pivotal point in my life have undoubtedly influenced my desire to further my career in the field of special education.
Special Education was one of those things I never truly understood as a student in the public school system. Who were these children that had to be taken out of the class for reading and math or who remained in a separate class all day? What was so “special” about them? Believe me, I could have tried to find out what was different about them and how they were taught anytime I wanted; my mom teaches Elementary Special Education. I always heard her throwing around terms like resource room and inclusion when she talked about work. But being the typical self-involved child that I was, I never listened to what she said about teaching or asked her more about her students. What I do know is that teaching Special Education involved a lot of ups and down. As a Special Education teacher, the specific tasks of my mom’s job change frequently. She has taught full-time special education classes, has worked with individual students in an inclusive setting, and most recently she teaches resource room. Now that I don’t have to listen to her work stories all the time, I find myself wanting to know more about what special education entails. What I discovered is that none of the methods utilized in Special Education are entirely right or wrong in addressing the educational needs of children with LD. Children with learning disabilities should be educated in the most appropriate way to meet their specific educational needs.
I. Imagine walking into school, through the white and blue halls of Upton Middle School to your locker. Going through the motions, you move to dial in in your combination. This time however, the numbers switch around… or maybe your fingers are finding it difficult to mess with the lock. As you gather your things for class, a friend calls to your from across the hall, but they sound as if you were under water.
Special education is such a broad and sensitive topic to talk about as well as the several issues that come with the Special education topic. And although there are a variety of issues, such as: special education children being accepted, segregated from their peers, the financial ability to support many special education programs, and the fact that a lot of teachers are not properly certified and do not know how to handle special needs children; there are also many resolutions. Special education Awareness, peer understanding, support from the local and state government, proper teacher certification, and most importantly social unity and understanding amongst peers are all a part of this controversial issue and they will also help maintain and resolve the growing concerns in the Special education programs and the children.
In light of questions and critiques from parents and guardians, it is also important to know exactly why you are doing what you are doing in the classroom. The priority of educators and other professions in the area of special education and inclusive education should be to provide the student with the most appropriate, least intrusive education as possible. Again, through Sean’s case study, Linneman portrays the heat that special educators can receive from angry, concerned, misguided parents, and even parents in denial or uneducated on the topic. This book addresses the need for teachers to determine best practices and settings for an individual child, and support and defend these decisions to parents, administrators or any other adults by putting the child’s best interests first.
In modern times, special education refers to individualized instruction provided by school districts that fit the needs of a student’s exceptionality (Turnbull, Turnbull, Wehmeyer & Shogren, 2013). Special education is a rewarding field that encompasses the success of all learners with exceptionalities. Consequently, professionals in this discipline have to exhibit characteristics such as patience, ardor, and empathy. These individuals also have to be “self-aware culturally,” and by meeting that idea, they have to “become aware of [their] stereotypes, biases, and prejudices” (Turnbull et al., 2013, p. 74).
Special education used to have no place in society, but now it has a permanent place. For years students with disabilities were hidden away. That started to change in 1973 and by 2002 students were welcomed in traditional classrooms. There were numerous lawsuits that had to happen to free disabled students from their segregation. Lawsuits influences the student’s lives in a great way. They could learn with everyone else. Teacher’s responsibilities had to increase, holding them accountable for the performance of the new students. All students need to learn in a safe and welcoming environment no matter if they are disabled or not.
Philosophy of Special Education
I have known that I have wanted to become a special education teacher for almost three years. Over those three years I did lots of hands on experience with special education students. This past semester though I learned more in a semester about special education than I have in the past two and half years. Intro to Exceptional has taught me a lot of good information about laws, rules, and regulations of special education.
I believe that inclusion is necessary for a child to prosper in society.
Even though learning disabilities had been recognized in the 1960’s and 1970’s, there was still a lot of argument over; the process of how students that qualified to receive services was receiving the proper remediation. Many researchers thought that students should get to a certain point of failure before getting special instruction. However, new researchers showed proof that direct instruction of academics had been more effective in student success. Although the term “learning disability” was coined many years ago, there is still a debate over what a learning disability is. There are two definitions that are most important and still used in the public and private schools today. One definition has to do with outlining the program and services a student needs in the federal definition included in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the definition anticipated by the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities (NJCLD).