The Importance Of Class Analysis Of Family

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successful in dissipating “dominant codes of feudal exploitation” (Erdem cited in Barker 2015, 433), moreover it allows class analysis to overcome gender omission and include non-traditional family structures such as gender homogenous families or family with ‘stay-at-home dads’. Ultimately, despite the salient changes that have occurred in the organisation of family life and relations, they are still fundamental to the reproduction of inequalities in modern society. Therefore, a revised class analysis of family through a gender framework creates reflexivity and allows inequalities to be conceptualised in light of contemporary attitudes. Moreover, the manner in which gender is conceptualised by a class analysis of the labour market unveils…show more content…
Skeggs (cited in Pini & Previte 2013, 345) asserts that “Class is always coded through bodily dispositions—the body is the most ubiquitous signifier of class”. Exemplary of this is the constructed distinction between gender and sex. While Sex has come to be understood as referring to the biological characteristics that distinguish males from females, Gender conceptualises the social, psychological, and cultural traits that distinguish males and females (Wharton, 2011, 4). Bourdieu understands this distinction as a result of status; sex is give status because it is innate whereas gender is constructed and must be learnt (Wharton, 2011, 4). This fundamental constructed distinction can be seen to perpetuate further inequalities. An example of this is the gendered social stigma that is performed though the body and experienced through the ‘bogan’ stereotype. In a study by Barbara Pini and Josephine Previte (2013, 358) it was found that “Alongside motherhood, the bogan female is judged incredibly harshly for her failure to embody middle-class femininity—as demure, soft, gentle and slim”. These stereotypes normalise a class-based taste-hierarchy strongly influenced by Bourdieu’s theory of Habitus. Habitus refers to “a set of dispositions, expectations, and behaviours that influence the “practices, perceptions and attitudes” that members of a social class construe as normal or appropriate (Gray and Kish-Gephart, 2013, 671). Thus, Bourdieu’s habitus theory can be used to perform a class analysis that illuminates the covert but still relevant language of class in gendered society. Moreover, it can also be used to highlight the power of those with status to define the ‘norm’ and thereby exclude those who do not fit within its confines (Bauman, 2004, 106). However, this argument is limited by

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