A significant fact is that the French played a key role in aiding America in its struggle against the British Empire. They supplied the Americans with money and munitions, they helped organize the American military, and even sent their own fleet to help end the revolutionary war. After the war ended the French upon returning to France, came to the conclusion that they did not have the freedom that they just helped America receive. This led to the French planning a revolution of their own. The American Revolution was about the independence of the country.
These ideas were the main causes of the French Revolution as they directly affected the people to make them want to enter a state of revolution until new policies were instituted. The problems in France all started with their Ruler, Louis the XVI. Louis had entered France into a series of wars, which of course, cost money, and these wars were very expensive. France’s debt had also worsened by helping America fight the British. Louis was also a very indecisive ruler and allowed many matters to drift.
The paper discusses the effects of wars and other Napoleonic activities on the entire Europe. Napoleon controlled most of France and started to expand his empire from there. Britain and France, the most important and vast parts of Europe at the time, had very tough situations, which affected the trade relations and economies of both terrritories. Apart from Britain, Napoleon’s war against Russia resulted in a great disaster for the common citizens as well as Napoleon himself. The paper focuses on different wars fought by Napoleon and their corresponding effects on Europe’s different parts.
It was a big part of the French Revolution which was an even bigger part of European history because it involved so many other countries as well. It sets examples for other countries as well as the future people of France. The Reign of Terror was definitely one of the more important events to happen in France’s history because of establishing equality, getting rid of the monarchy and giving Napoleon the perfect time to rise to power.
For more than a century before the accession of Louis XVI in 1774, the French government had undergone periodic economic crises, resulting from the long wars waged during the reign of Louis XIV, royal mismanagement of national affairs under Louis XV, the losses incurred in the French and Indian War (1756-63), and increased indebtedness arising from loans to the American colonies during the American Revolution (1775-83). The advocates of fiscal, social, and governmental reform became increasingly vocal during the reign of Louis XVI. In August 1774, Louis appointed a liberal comptroller general, the economist Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Baron de L'Aulne, who instituted a policy of strict economy in government expenditures. Within two years, however, most of the reforms had been withdrawn and his dismissal forced by reactionary members of the nobility and clergy, supported by Queen Marie Antoinette. Turgot's successor, the financier and statesman Jacques Necker, similarly accomplished little before his downfall in 1781, also because of opposition from the reactionaries.
French Absolutism and the French Revolution During the period between 1589 through 1783, the French Monarchy had risen to its height of absolute power and then was destroyed by the French Revolution. The reigns of Henry IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI each contributed to the strengthening of the French Monarchy as well as the destruction. Class struggles were a major problem throughout the reigns of each king. France was broken into three estates that were; the clergy, the nobility, and the common people. They were each striving for more power.
The wars and ultimate defeat also put France in a crisis regarding foreign trade. All of these factors contributed in crippling France economically during and after the Napoleonic wars. The Napoleonic wars was an attempt for France to assert itself as a force to be reckoned with among Europe. However in doing this they were forced to substitute this new found nationalism with a non-existent economic system. Wherever Napoleon's campaigns took him he was forced to topple monarchies using the only way he knew how; force.
From then on powerful and effective actions were taken to rebel against the French government. The French Revolution took place and went through many phases to settle the social, political, and economic problems. The ideals of the French revolution, Liberte, Egalite, and Fraternite were a reflection of the breakdown of the Ancien Regime because of the change and reform of politics, social classes and systems, unfair tax systems, and the economy that occurred during the French Revolution. The inequalities of the estate system was one of the main causes of the French Revolution. In France, the estate system divide the people in three groups.
The Revolution Today in class we focused on chapter 16. In chapter 16 we that when the French Third Estate moved to gain more rights and political power, it had sparked a revolution that changed both France and Europe. The middle class and peasantry benefited from the initial period of the revolution, the French urban population led the country toward an establishment of a republic. The French society suffered a great deal of oppression known as the Terror. A ruthless soldier, by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte, took advantage of the opportunities opened by the revolution.
The revolution, which lasted from 1789 to 1799, also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. "It introduced democratic ideals to France but did not make the nation a democracy. However, it ended supreme rule by French kings and strengthened the middle class." (Durant, 12) After the revolution began, no European kings, nobles, or other members of the aristocracy could take their powers for granted or ignore the ideals of liberty and equality. The revolution began with a government financial crisis but quickly became a movement of reform and violent change.