The Freedom Riders

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Nearly 200 years ago, after the signing of the Declaration of Independence, slavery was no longer allowed; but America was still segregated. Segregation in many public places continued especially in the South. At this time, segregation was legal. In 1892, the Supreme Court had ruled that a state could separate whites and blacks as long as the services were equal. On May 4, 1961, a diverse group of thirteen courageous individuals known as the Freedom Riders embarked on a bus journey into the South in order to challenge segregation in bus terminals. Although many individuals believed that segregation was wrong, many southern states continued to practice racial segregation. Racial segregation is the separation of humans into racial groups in daily life. Segregation may apply to a variety of situations. Before the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s laws, policies, and practices were aimed at segregating blacks. After the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in America, Jim Crow Laws regulated racial discrimination. Many states and local governments passed legislation to separate people of color from whites in many areas, such as, schools, housing, jobs, and public gathering places to name only a few. While millions of former slaves hoped to become equal citizens, some people continued to view African Americans as second-class citizens (Spartacus Educational). Transportation was another area where blacks and whites were treated differently. The Montgomery, Alabama city code required that all public transportation be segregated. Almost 100 years after the Civil War, blacks had to sit separately from the whites. Seats could be assigned and blacks could be asked to give up their seats to white passengers. On December 1, 1955, Ro... ... middle of paper ... ...lysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. Web. 05 Jan. 2012. . Holmes, Marian Smith. "The Freedom Riders, Then and Now | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine." History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian Magazine. Web. 05 Jan. 2012. . "Oprah Honors American Heroes - Oprah.com." Oprah Winfrey's Official Website - Live Your Best Life - Oprah.com. Web. 05 Jan. 2012. . "Rosa Parks Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com." Famous Biographies & TV Shows - Biography.com. Web. 05 Jan. 2012. . Spartacus Educational. Web. 05 Jan. 2012. .

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