At the start of the sixteenth century, the Reformation had put an ungracious end to the dependent unification that had prevailed under the Roman Catholic Church. In response to the growing sense of corruption in the church, the reformation began. Many people began opposing views of how Christian practices were expressed, which led to the formation and spread of Protestantism. While the Pope is head of the Catholic Church, Protestantism is a general term that refers to Christianity that is not subject to papal authority. (1.)
Throughout time, European history has been a major factor in the shaping of the modern world. The Renaissance sparked an era when people could look around and say to themselves, “How can I take this general topic and broaden it to be something bigger?” With this new idea came millions of brilliant and thought- provoked innovators that changed the name of what art, literature, and culture was thought to be. With thoughts growing and diverting from the prior Church- based philosophy of the majority of Europe came testing and changing of concepts previously thought to be true. New technologies enabled the curious to examine theories that they couldn’t make sense of, therefore, how the saw of world was rapidly expanding. Although many factors in
The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century was a religious revolution that occurred within the Christian Church, which resulted in the establishment of Protestant Churches, who began breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. Originally the movement was started by Martin Luther, who was a monk, a priest and a Professor of Biblical study at the University of Wittenberg (Fisher 335). Luther, with his great political influence as well as his prolific writing, most notably his 95 Thesis, began a movement intended to address the abuses of wealth within the church. Although there were many people who realized that the church needed reformation, at the time, Luther really had no intention to split the church. The Protestant Reformation was an intellectual, cultural, religious, and political, upheaval that would separate Catholic Europe and set in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent. In Christianity’s history, the Protestant Reformation was one of the most significant religious revolutions.
The protestant reformation of 16th century had both: immediate and long term effects. Thus, we can see that it was a revolution of understanding the essence of religion, and of what God is. The protestant reformation is said to a religious movement. However, it also influenced the economical, political and social life of people. The most global, short term effect of the reformation was the reevaluation of beliefs, and, as a result, the loss of authority of the Holy Roman Empire. The long term effects were: the emergence of new heretical movements, the declining of papacy, thus the reevaluation of people’s view on the church and life values.
In my essay I will attempt to give an overview of the many positive and negative changes that the reformation groups and individuals had to Roman Catholic Church and other churches. The reformation was a religious movement that started officially by Martin Luther challenging the sale of the indulgences in Roman Church.
Reformation in Europe
In the early 16th century, the church was the most powerful institution in Europe, even stronger than government; however, in 1517, Martin Luther, a professor in Northern Germany, posted criticisms of the church on a chapel door which would cause profound reformation of the religious system in Europe. When the dissent spread out to the world, the Catholic religion was shattered and many people of high social rank, such as king and princes, either defended or opposed Luther’s argument. Also, most people left the Catholic Church and became Protestants. What made everything turn to chaos after Luther published his thesis and what happened after this?
The Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century is one of the most complex movements in European history since the fall of the Roman Empire. The Reformation truly ends the Middle Ages and begins a new era in the history of Western Civilization. The Reformation ended the religious unity of Europe and ushered in 150 years of religious warfare. By the time the conflicts had ended, the political and social geography in the west had fundamentally changed. The Reformation would have been revolutionary enough of itself, but it coincided in time with the opening of the Western Hemisphere to the Europeans and the development of firearms as effective field weapons.
As you stated in the prompt, Martin Luther, a German monk and theology teacher, completely transformed Europe by starting the reformation. The textbook states, “These movements deepened existing divisions among peoples, rulers, and states while opening up new divisions and points of contention” (Coffin, Stacey and Cole). The textbook then goes on to claim, “The result was a profound transformation of the religious, social, and political landscape that affected the lives of everyone in Europe – and everyone in the new European colonies, then and now” (Coffin, Stacey and Cole). The reformation would have an influential impact on both the New World, and eventually, the United States.
Many people wanted Queen Mary to act with caution to fix England back to her dream of Catholicism. Mary 1 was devoted to her religion. She was a Catholic, but while Edward was on the throne he was a Protestant. During his time Protestantism spread throughout the country and surrounding countries. Mary believed that “most English Protestants had been bullied into accepting the new religion and would revert to the old faith” now that a Catholic was back in the power (Slavicek 74). She wanted to change her land back to its rightful religion but she took her time. Mary thought that her people would go back to Catholicism in due time. The Parliament took out most of Edward’s Protestant laws and brought back the Latin mass. Also the Parliament stated that Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon marriage was vali...
She was often forced to adopt a stricter set of laws on Catholicism due to her colleagues that shared her religious beliefs, but not her spiritual beliefs on freedom. This is why she then sent Mary’s bishops to the tower she was once kept prisoner in for her religious beliefs. Elizabeth I wanted to create a church that would appeal to both Catholic and Protestant people in order to bring her subjects together rather than tear them apart through religious persecution and intolerance. In her rule, Catholic people were the minority party as Protestants finally took