St. Paul 's Cathedral

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Over the last millennium, a striking Cathedral devoted to St. Paul has been a precious jewel for the city of London. It sits at the top of Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London. The present St Paul 's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. Regularly as the Cathedral is at the centre of many nation-wide events, innovations have been examined, and drastic new thoughts have found expression under the iconic dome. Bearing in mind all those occasions, it is certain that they would have left behind some physical evidence as well as reverberations in the imperceptible retention of the Cathedral itself. There is a long history of St Paul Cathedrals stretching thousand of years since the initial construction of the first church till the nowadays known St. Pauls Cathedral which is the 4th Cathedral constructed on site. The first Christian Cathedral to be built on the site, dedicated to St. Paul was in 604 AD under the rule of King Aethelberht I. Historic reports show that the initial church was destroyed by fire. In 675-685 AD the church was replaced and demolished by Viking raiders in 962, and another one was raised in 1087 AD to stand on the same place. In the late 11th century the well now known Old St. Paul’s Cathedral, was erected out of Caen stone. This was one of the biggest structures in England at that time, having its spire standing higher than the dome of the already standing cathedral. After King of England, Henry VIII (1491 – 1547) separated the Church of England from the authority of the Pope, the Crown took control of the church in the country. As such, after the English Reformation in the 16th century, the Crown ordered... ... middle of paper ... ...uffering the Civil war that broke in 1642 in England. A few months after Wren returned from his self-educational trip to France, in May 1666, made a very radical suggestion for the restoration of the Cathedral, instead of that, of the patching up proposals of the older men in the Commission, Sir John Denham the Surveyor, John Webb and Sir Roger Pratt. Wren suggested to change the interior of the nave like the exterior, and to substitute the nave vault with saucer domes. ‘He noted that it would be easy to perform it after a good Roman manner, so as to follow the Gothic rudeness of the old design’ In Wren’s report there were also practical propositions for the erection of the new dome above the old tower, which would be used as scaffolding and then demolished after the completion, a method that gained in his trip abroad, a method that could save both time and money.

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