The Effects Of Alcohol Misuse And Related Problem Behaviors

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Children who have a family structure that provides support and guidance has significantly shown in research to inhibit socially deviant behavior. When children are unsupervised, undisciplined and rejected by their caregivers they are more inclined to exhibit negative behaviors and are more likely to act out in various deviant ways. Barnes, Hoffman, Welte, Farrell and Dintcheff (2006) analyzed 506 adolescents using interviews in a general population sample through a six-wave longitudinal study of the development of alcohol misuse and related problem behaviors. “Results from the multilevel modeling showed that monitoring significantly predicted adolescents’ initial levels of alcohol misuse and delinquency”. Furthermore, they found that parental monitoring strongly predicted the rates of increase (slope) in all 3 problem behaviors. Adolescents who had more family support and monitoring at Wave 1 had lower alcohol misuse and delinquency compared with adolescents with lower levels of support. Higher family support over Waves 2 - 4 also reduced the rate of increase in delinquency and also reduced the rate of deceleration in delinquency, additionally those adolescents who were monitored more, over Waves 2 - 4, had lower rates of increase of all three problem behaviors: alcohol misuse, illicit drug use, and delinquency over time (Barnes et al., 2006). There was little mention whether the family structure, specifically if the monitoring and support came from a single parent or two parents, was related to the higher levels of delinquency, however this study correlates in part to our first hypothesis regarding lack of supervision and higher delinquency rates: H1: Children from single parent households will be more inclined to be involved in... ... middle of paper ... ...olling for all these factors, with the partial OR increasing from 2.52 to 3.36 [CI = 1.44–7.85] (Theobald, 2013). These findings support our 5th hypothesis: H5: Children from dysfunctional homes where parents are divorced or display negative behaviors toward each other will be more inclined to engage in deviance and delinquency as juveniles. The importance of this study is two-fold, parents will benefit by understanding how significant family structure is in the child rearing process and society will gain the imperative information needed to further guide and support juveniles who may have a tendency towards deviance due to their home situations. Due to the low levels of recent studies on the topic of family structure and its correlation to juvenile delinquency, we feel our study will help further the discussion and guide more comprehensive research on the topic.

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