The Munich Massacre (5th – 6th September 1972), a planned terrorist attack happening against the backdrop of the Summer Olympics, was a key statement in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that carries on to this day. The attack began when eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team before taking a further nine hostage. All of the captives were killed along with five Black September members during a large fire fight. Following the massacre, the Israeli government organized retaliation, codename: Operation Wrath of God. The legacy is reflected by the large number of retaliatory deaths, overall effect upon the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the significant development of Counter terrorist agencies around the world. In retaliation, a wave of assassinations began across Europe. Zvi Zamir, the Mossad chief, described the missions as "a prevention of future threats in Europe” (Geraghty, 2001, P.196). General Aharon Yariv felt that Israel had to pursue justice. “It’s not something we’re proud of. We did it out of sheer necessity. An eye for an eye” (Johnson,...
“No kind of demonstration or political, religious or racial propaganda is permitted in any Olympic sites, venues or other areas” (Advertising, Demonstrations, Propaganda* 98). This rule shows just what the Germans were hoping for, a peaceful, passive, war-free environment in which countries can get together and compete. Although we all know that quite the antithesis was upon the 1972 Olympics in Munich between September the fifth and September the sixth. The Munich Massacre, one of the worst massacres of all time, was driven by the vengefulness of the Palestinian group known as Black September, towards the people of Israel, or more relevantly, towards their Olympic team (Rosenberg). Since this confrontation between Palestine and Israel has been going on for such a long time, the conflict was ultimately inevitable. Or was it? The tragedy at the 1972 Munich Olympics stunned the world by the murders of the Israeli Olympic team, but the fact that it could have been prevented is completely unacceptable.
The Failure of the Munich Putsch The Munich-Putsch failed in 1932 for many reasons but all together poor planning was to blame because if the planning was perfect many of the things I would list wouldn't have happened. The MunichPutsch failed for these main reasons. Hitler and Ludendorff thought that it would be an easy task to take it over. Too many people knew about the attempt to take over the putsch.
The Cause of the Munich Putsch It can be argued that the Munich Putsch had been inevitable since the "November Criminal" signed the armistice that ended the First World was in 1918. From then on, a series of events encouraged Hitler's perception of a nation at odds with its government (the Weimar Republic). This meant that Hitler (leader of he national Socialist German workers' Party, NSDAP) eventually thought that such unrest would help him to overthrow the Weimar government. The most important long term cause of the Munich Putsch was probably nit the signing of the armistice but the signing if the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The treaty was humiliating for Germany (especially the clauses about war guilt and those which removed territory from German rule) and Hitler was under the impression that he could take advantage of the consequent unrest caused by the Treaty's harsh terms.
"9 Israelis on Olympic Team Killed With 4 Arab Captors As Police Fight Band That Disrupted Munich Games," screamed the headline of the front page of The New York Times. The attack occurred during the wee hours of September 5, 1972, but news of the crisis, although widespread on television sets across the world, would not reach The New York Times until September 6. When it did reach the papers, it was clear that something had gone wrong. Very wrong. The New York Times first reported this event as a mind-boggling screw-up, and in the days that followed, reported on the manner in which the international community retaliated. In other words, news coverage shifted from the pointing of fingers to an eventual call for arms.
Millions of innocent people killed, children, women, and men alike. Families separated and butchered, burned alive, shot, and gassed. The horrific events of the Holocaust will never be forgotten. They were treated like animals and worked to death, they were slaves. Taken from their homes, sent to ghettos, then sent to concentration camps for forced labour and to be killed. If you attempted to escape and failed, the consequences were horrendous, you would be tortured until you spilled the names of your accomplices then you would be publicly executed. These grisly events went on for over a decade and all because one man said that they did not fit his idea of a perfect race. A race known as the Aryans, blonde hair and blue eyes. Dark hair and brown eyes were unacceptable. The monster who initiated this horrifying event was Adolf Hitler.
The aftermath of the Holocaust left over six million Jews perished and the survivors in pain and anguish, each of their lives impacted forever by reliving the horrid events of this unspeakable tragedy every day. They needed to pick up the pieces to continue living by fleeing to different countries, assimilating into new cultures, and beginning new families to create happy memories. This being challenging for many of them, forced some of the survivors to suppress their emotions about the past in order to accomplish these newer lives while others to talk about it frequently. Each of them had their own methods to cope with the affects and thoughts they had after the Holocaust; their methods having its own advantages and disadvantages. This goes to show that the Holocaust survivors were affected more than ones mind
January 30th 1933 was just the beginning of a long journey for many people from the cause of an ethnic conflict. This particular conflict known as the Holocaust was between two groups, the Nazis and the Jews. Jewish councils fought to protect the population; the Nazis killed the president of the Jewish council for not giving up a list of names. The Holocaust started off in Germany, but later spread all across Eastern Europe. There are different causes, goals, and steps taken from both sides in this conflict where many people were killed for being of a particular group.
A Holocaust is a disaster that results in the large-scale destruction of life. Although this name has been used to describe many catastrophes over centuries, today it has a more specific meaning. The Holocaust refers to the annihilation of 6 million Jews, men, women, and children, in addition to other groups of people by Hitler and the Nazi party during World War II. Such a destruction of a particular group or race is called genocide. (Resnick 9)
The Holocaust has left both a negative and positive effect on the world. This essay will examine the organizations, laws, extermination of minority groups, and the cold war to analyze how the Holocaust impacted and changed the course of history.
The Munich Massacre of 1972 played a large role in sports of the 1970s and the peoples beliefs. During the 1972 Olympics, hosted in Berlin, Germany, a group known as the Palestinian Black September Organization held 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team hostage and
The Failure of the Munich Putsch in November of 1923 I believe that the military failure of the Munich Putsch was quite insignificant, since the party made a serious of political gains as a result of the putsch. At the time of the Putsch the Nazi Party was growing and had over 55,000 members. It was in he unique position of having both Socialists and Nationalists under the same political banner. The Rhur crisis had gained the Nazis a lot of support, and with effective propaganda they became a leading force in anti-allie occupation politics. However it would be wrong to state hat they enjoyed positive election results, and in fact they won very few seats in the many elections that were held over that period.
The holocaust was a mass murder of six million people. Why did this happen? Was this a punishment for those people. To begin with the holocaust was not only a mass murder,a mass murder of Jewish citizens. This took place during World War II. It had also taken place in Germany,Europe,and what we call to this day,Czech Republic. These deaths went on from 1933,to the year of 1945. Adolf Hitler,the man behind and responsible for the deaths of many lives. To continue,it wasn't just the lives of Jewish people who were slaughtered. Everyday regular people who would stand up to this madness,would also have their lives taken away from them. Citizens such as women and their children would take their last breaths. Teachers,disabled people, homosexulas,
Israel had become incredibly disconsolate after the elation of their victory in this war in 1967, due to the increasing rate of terrorism along with portentous threats from Egypt. Eleven Israeli athletes were murdered by Palestinian terrorists during the Munich Olympics in the summer of 1972 (American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, n.d.). Prayers were often recited by members of parliament, thousands of graves were dug, and even gas masks were distributed, all in fear of an Arab invasion (The Israeli Network, n.d.). Israel’s surrounding Arab states decided that rather than tolerating their loss, they would concoct a strategy to equalise the degradation of their defeat. In 1970, Anwar el-Sadat was elected president of Egypt where he found himself front-runner of a nation in the midst of an economically distressed period (History.com, 2009). Sadat initiated the opportunity to sign a peace agreement with Israel in 1971, on condition that that all of Israel’s newly-claimed territories were recovered. After declining the offer, Israel was thought to have “missed an opportunity to avoid war,” when in actual fact Sadat anticipated the ignored compromise and was prepared to “capitulate to Egyptian demands without any guarantee of peace” (American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, n.d.). No progress towards peace meant that Sadat would initiate a brutal war with narrow objectives, with the support from Syria, in order to “gain legitimacy” (Trautman,
Munich has a long history of quality beer brewing dating back to the time of the Holy Roman Empire, and today it is the premier tourist location within Germany, with over 6 million tourists visited Munich in 2014 (München Betriebs-GmbH & Co. KG, 2014) , who in turn generates a huge demand for beer which draws the interest of many breweries to tap in to the market. The benefits from the city of Munich creates an extremely strong force of agglomeration due to the large home-market effect from the tourists, the large available pool attracted by its rich historical context, and the industry atmosphere created by the number of competing breweries in Munich and the surrounding towns, as well as the sense of prestige associated with Munich beer, despite such traits have aided other industrial clusters such as silicon valley and Hollywood, they have contributed instead to the decline of the beer industry since before 1976. (Pattinson, 2010)