The Munich Massacre (5th – 6th September 1972), a planned terrorist attack happening against the backdrop of the Summer Olympics, was a key statement in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that carries on to this day. The attack began when eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team before taking a further nine hostage. All of the captives were killed along with five Black September members during a large fire fight. Following the massacre, the Israeli government organized
1972 Olympics in Munich between September the fifth and September the sixth. The Munich Massacre, one of the worst massacres of all time, was driven by the vengefulness of the Palestinian group known as Black September, towards the people of Israel, or more relevantly, towards their Olympic team (Rosenberg). Since this confrontation between Palestine and Israel has been going on for such a long time, the conflict was ultimately inevitable. Or was it? The tragedy at the 1972 Munich Olympics stunned
Operation Wrath of God was Israel’s response to the Munich Massacre. In 1972, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Munich, Germany (then West Germany). Eleven, Israeli Olympians and coaches were held hostage and eventually murdered by members of the Black September terrorist group which is part of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Furthermore, five of the eight terrorists were killed in a failed hostage recovery attempt by the Germans. The three remaining terrorists were released
The Olympic Games of Munich started like any other, the parade of nations, proud representatives filled with dreams of gold medals and strong finishes. A moment of glory and hopefully standing tall on the podium as their flag is raised. This is a time when nations come together in peace to show the power of human achievement through sport. It did not happen that way. The world then was just as difficult as it is now when it came to Arab and Israeli relationships but this was the Olympics. The delegation
political, religious, or racial propaganda is permitted in the Olympic areas (The Guardian).” However, as Allen Guttmann points out in his account of the history of the Olympics, the inception of the modern Olympic games in 1896 was very much political, due to the significant political and social impacts the Olympics have. At various times the in history of the modern Olympic games, politics have overshadowed the true focus of the games. The Olympics are supposed to represent the world coming together
"National Security Strategy." White House. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/national_security_strategy.pdf (accessed October 24, 2013). Redfield, Micah. "The Quiet Option: Presidential Use of Covert Operations in American History." The Presidency. http://www.thepresidency.org/storage/documents/Fellows2008/Redfield.pdf (accessed November 19, 2013).
the British government are currently developing strategies, formally and informally, which can be labeled as risk management. This strategies are being discuss based on the experiences learnt during the previous Olympic event and also based on the history of British policy fiasco.
il/Besa/david.pdf Klein, Aaron. Striking Back: the 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre and Israel's Deadly Response. New York: The Random House Publishing Group, 2005. Print. Lohmann , Julia . " The Israeli Example: Another Country’s Targeting Program." Lawfare Institute . (2013): n. page. Web. 3 Mar. 2014. http://www.lawfareblog.com/wiki/the-lawfare-wiki-document-library/targeted-killing/other-countries-targeting-programs/ Spielberg , Steven, dir. Munich. Universal Pictures and Dreamworks Pictures, 2003.
styles. Everything that happened in the 1970s still holds an effect on us today, especially the economy. There are many events in the 1970s and every single one affects us still today. The year of 1972 was when Nixon’s Foreign Policy and the Munich Massacre took place. Nixon’s Foreign Policy made Richard Nixon the first president to visit China. This is partially what made him known today because it helped the United States. It was also “opened the communist nation to American trade and reopened
The Impact of the Black Plague on European Jews “One tiny insect, a flea, toppled feudalism and changed the course of history in Europe.” (Walter S. Zapotoczny) (Representation of a massacre of the Jews in 1349 Antiquitates Flandriae (Royal Library of Belgium manuscript 13076/77 from entry “Black Death Jewish Persecutions, Wikipedia) Impact of the Black Plague on European Jews Introduction The Great Mortality or Black Death was an “unprecedented catastrophe” that spread throughout