The 1972 Olympics were held in the summer in city of Munich, Germany. Munich is a city in the Southern region of what was then West Germany. They were “The Games of Peace and Joy” and they were going to be the biggest and most expensive Olympic Games ever. The Olympic Games in Munich were supposed to have more athletes representing more countries than at any previous sporting event. During the 1972 Munich Olympics, 10,490 athletes were present. Bavarian officials hoped that the 1972 Munich Olympics would confirm Germany’s rehabilitation as a civilized society. Germany was trying to expunge memories of the Second World War and the infamous 1936 Olympics in Berlin, Germany. At the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, the German dictator Adolf Hitler had recently risen to power. Hitler tried to use the Olympics to showcase his belief that German whites were a superior people. There was no greater confirmation of Germany’s rehabilitation than the presence at the games of a delegation from Israel. Many of the families of the Israeli Olympic Athletes had been victims of German Dictator Adolf Hitler. The organizers of the 1972 Munich Olympics worked hard in order to not remind the world of what the Nazis had done. The organizers even refused to let security guards carry weapons, because they were worried that they would invoke memories of the heavily armed Nazi soldiers. They invited massed ranks of the media, a greater concentration than ever before to witness the festival of sport and the redevelopment of West Germany. At least four thousand newspaper, magazine, and radio journalists travelled to the Bavarian capital along with another two thousand television journalists, announcers, and crews. They had a television audience of nearly one billio... ... middle of paper ... ...they shot at the other helicopter at close range. This violence was unnecessary because the terrorists knew that they were going to be killed or captured anyway. This was just a way to cause more people pain and hurt, just like a terrorist group would do. The group of men that took hostage members of the Israeli team, and eventually killed nine members of the Israeli Olympic team were terrorists that wanted to free political prisoners that were held in Israel. The leader of the terrorists said that he cared about “neither money nor lives”, and the terrorists killed two unarmed members of the Israeli Olympic team. Also, once the terrorists were cornered and they knew that they were going to be captured, they blew up the helicopter with some of the hostages inside. Then they proceeded to open fire on the other helicopter that contained the rest of the hostages inside.
In 1931, before the Weimar Republic was seized by National Socialists, Berlin was announced by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to be the location of the 11th Olympic Games. Since the Games origins in Athens, the Olympics have evolved to introduce the code of equality of all races and faiths for nations- all of which was controversial during the Third Reich. However, because of the aftermath of World War I, many accounts suggest that the Nazi regime used the 1936 Olympic games as a showcase of the transformation of the country. But due to many restrictions placed around committees, historians can trace that anti-Semitic ideas and beliefs were abundant during the Games. Due to much controversy, some of the restrictions were to be revoked
The controversy in the Munich Olympic games was that there was a terrorist attack.During the Munich Games,security guards ignored what they thought were maintance works, but the eight men in warm-up suits were members of Black September, a terrorist group linked to the Palestine Liberation Organization. They entered the suite of the Israeli quarters in the Olympic Village and killed a coach and weight lifter and then took nine other Israelis hostage.The terrorists demanded the release of 200 Arabs from Israeli prisons and a
Capsule: In 1931, the International Olympic Committee awarded the 1936 Summer Olympics to Berlin. The choice signaled Germany’s return to the world community after its isolation in the aftermath of defeat in World War I. Two years later, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany and quickly turned the nation’s fragile democracy into a one-party dictatorship that persecuted Jews, Gypsies, and all political opponents. The Nazis’ claimed to control all aspects of German life which also extended to sports. In August 1936, the Nazi regime tried to camouflage its violent racist policies while the country hosted the Summer Olympics. Most anti-Jewish signs were temporarily removed and newspapers toned down their harsh rhetoric. Movements towards the boycott of the Nazi Olympics surfaced in the United States, Great Britain, France, Sweden, Czechoslovakia, and the Netherlands. Debate over participation in the 1936 Olympics was more intense throughout the United States, which traditionally sent one of the largest teams to the Games.
The 1936 Olympics in Berlin, also known as the “Nazi Olympics”, was a milestone in the history of the world. All of the attention of the Olympics that year was focused on Adolf Hitler and the Nazis. In 1933, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler became leader of Germany and quickly turned the nation's democracy into a one-party dictatorship. He took thousands of political opponents, holding them without trial in concentration camps. The Nazis also set up a program to strengthen the Germanic Aryan population. They began to exclude all one-half million Jews from the population, and German life. As part of the drive to "purify" and strengthen the German population, a 1933 law permitted physicians to perform forced sterilizations of psychiatric patients and congenitally handicapped persons, Gypsies, and Blacks (Encarta Encyclopedia 1996 [CD-ROM]). The 1936 Olympics in Berlin caused many worries, problems, and questions for America and other countries throughout the world.
Rubner, Michael. "Massacre in Munich: The Manhunt for the Killers Behind the 1972 Olympics Massacre/One Day in September: The Full Story of the 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre and the Israeli Revenge Operation "Wrath of God,"/Striking Back: The 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre and Israel's Deadly Response/Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team." Middle East Policy 13.2 (2006): 176-84. ProQuest. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
The London Olympics 2012 (OSSSRA) has considerate different types of manmade hazard such attacks on crowded places, attacks to the transport system and other terrorists attacks that may occur during the event. As London has experience different terrorist attacks in the past such as the bombings in the 7th of July 2005 in which terrorists had targeted civilians; terrorists killed 52 people leaving other 700 with several injuries during an attack to the public transport system (BBC News, 2006). Also trying to avoid another terrorist attack such as the Munich massacre in 1972 that occurred during the Summer Olympics of the same year. During this attack 11 members of the Israeli Olympics team were killed by terrorist demanding the r4eealise of 234 prisoners being held in Israel as well as two founder of the German Read Army Fraction (Rosenberg, 2014).
The Berlin Olympics 1. Below are some of the methods that Goebbels-the Nazi propaganda minister used at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. · One aspect of propaganda that Goebells used for the Berlin Olympics was the actual stadium itself. It was built especially for the occasion and was immense, to show that the Nazis were capable of making huge and modern structures. · Inside the stadium, there were hundreds of Swastikas everywhere in the form of flags, banners or armbands.
Germany made it very clear prior to the Olympics that they were in fact an anti-Semitic race. Before the Olympics there were anti-Jewish signs hung around and newspapers had a harsh rhetoric. During the Games, these incriminating items were put out of sight giving foreigners visiting for the Games a false impression of the real Germany (“Nazi” 2).When American swimmer Adolf Kiefer visited Germany in 1935 he said he saw that the acts against Jews were quite obvious, but when he returned for the Olympics in 1936 he did not see one Star of David to single out a Jew (Walters 238-239).
Once Hitler came to power he used all the resources of Germany and spend around 50 million dollars trying to turn the 1936 Olympics into the ideas and political aims for the Third Reich. The first day of the games Hitler congratulated the first place shot putter a German athlete. Hitler invited him to his private box for a handshake, he did this for the Finnish placers also. However, he would not shake the two black Americans who won high jump that day. (source
This documentary takes the opportunity to highlight the battle behind the lead up to the 2016 Olympic Games and explores the problems that host nation Rio de Janeiro is going through, problems that the International Olympic Committee does not want people to know. Embroiled in scandals, and mistreatment of its own citizens Rio de Janeiro is looking to set an example to the rest of the world on how not to prepare for hosting an Olympic Games.
The biggest boycott controversy came from the United Stated at that time. Many people in the United States feared that if they boycotted that they may start a backlash in the United States and Germany. “The Olympics were intended to be an exercise in goodwill among all nations emphasizing racial equality in the area of sports competition” (The Berlin Olympics). The Nazi’s attitude toward the Olympics made many countries want to move the Games to another country. Germany’s racial policies led to the international debates to boycott the games, but the International Olympic Committee pressured the German government into saying that they would follow the rules (Berlin 1936 Olympic Games). “Responding to the mounting international pressure, the Nazis made a token gesture by allowing a part-Jewish athlete, Helene Mayer, back on their Olympic team” (The Berlin Olympics). The United States decided to trust the Nazi people in what they said. Since the United States rejected boycotting they missed the opportunity to go against
Munich, is the capital of the region of Bavaria, located in the southern part of Germany. As one of the top three largest cities in Germany, closely linked to Hamburg and Berlin in size, Munich is home to 1.349 million people (CIA). Located in close proximity to the Alps and Isar River, the city today thrives as a tourist destination, financial industry, marketplace and home to the renowned German beer festival known as “Oktoberfest” (Gray, Jeremy).
In preparation, Helene Mayer, a fencer who won the European Championships, “illustrated one theme perfectly: the self-contained, non-political world of sport. Adolf Hitler, who concentrated on winning Germany, was the other: politics red in tooth and claw” (8). People had different views when it came to the purpose of the Games. Most believed that the Olympics were all about the celebration of sports and athletes coming together to be the best in the world. Hitler, on the contrary, used the Games to promote his propaganda and the rising power of the Nazis. At first, he had shown little interest in the Olympics. After attaining what he could accomplish by hosting the Games, Adolf Hitler did everything in his power to create the best, most innovative Olympics in history. His efforts were shown through the details of the buildings and arenas, and how specific he designed each one. “Hitler provided the broad sweep, kept an eye on the detail and the whole project went on to something resembling a war footing. Its scope, character and extent were the same as waging a war” (18). Being so determined to construct a stadium that lasts a lifetime, Hitler had become determined to make Berlin the place everyone wanted to go. His plans succeeded in some ways, as “the Olympics provided beautiful international camouflage, because they seemed to show that Germany