She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H). The Soviet Union and its Communist nations of Eastern Europe created a rival alliance called the Warsaw Pact. This created a political division of Europe that worsened the Cold War. In response to growing conflict, the US introduced the Marshall Plan to help aid nations with whom they held positive relations with and assist them in infrastructure reconstruction. In conclusion, a post-World War II conflict arose between the United States and Russia as a result of growing distrust between the two opposite nations.
The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation became one of dislike rather than conflict. Stalin was afraid of oppression he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This plan failed and in nineteen- thirty nine Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler.
Many of the historians perspectives about the causes of the Cold War varies to a certain extent. The Orthodox view generally holds that the Soviet Union was responsible for the Cold War. It states that the Soviets were inevitably expansionist , due to their suspicion of the West. Thus, Stalin violated the Yalta and Potsdam agreements, occupied and imposed Soviet control in Eastern Europe and decides to ¨plot¨ the spread of Communism throughout the world with Moscow as its centre. The Revisionist view had an alternative perspective about the Cold War.
For many the growth in weapons of mass destruction was the most worrying issue. The Cold War is also said to be the conflict between the Communist nations led by the Soviet Union and the democratic nations led by the United States. This war was fought by all means of propaganda, economic war, and occasional military clashes. The ends of World War II lead to the start of the Cold war. The US, Britain and Russia were only allies because of a common enemy – Germany; Russia was communist and the US capitalist and democratic; Both the US and Russia emerged from the war as super powers; Europe was divided between the parts retaken by the Russians and the parts retaken by the US and Britain; The iron curtain is a metaphor for this division.
The History of the Cold War The Cold War is the term used to describe the intense rivalry between the United States and its allies and the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics and its allies. The Soviet Union and its allies were refereed to as the Eastern Bloc and the United States and its allies were referred to as the Western Bloc. The Cold War period lasted from the mid-1940’s until the late 1980’s. During this period international politics were shaped by this intense rivalry between this two great blocs of power and the political ideologies they represented. The United States and its allies represented democracy and capitalism while the Soviet Union and its allies represented communism.
The two countries had completely opposite ideas of how to run and manage a country, which in return created chaos and was the core cause of the Cold War. The necessity of power was ... ... middle of paper ... ...their actions. The Soviet Union tried to spread Communism across the world and the United States intervened and created the Truman Doctrine where they stated that they would contain communism form spreading any further. The United States was trying to protect other countries from communist control. After World War II, the United States designed the Marshall plan in order to provide economic help to the Europe and Russia.
The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again. While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged in a world-wide con... ... middle of paper ... ...e of 1954, West Germany was permitted to join NATO.
At the end of W.W.II American policy towards the Soviets changed drastically. The change in president in 1945 caused relations with Russia to worsen. Furthermore, other political contributions to the Cold War entailed the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. The division of Europe between the west and east drew physical borders which outlined that the war of misinformation that had began. Also treaties of the post war world further separated the two super powers of the world for the decades to follow.
The constant pressure from America and the British eventually forced Stalin to end the blockade in 1949. Russia was just defending itself by keeping Germany broken up. The US refused to acknowledge communism as a valid form of government. The US’s biased perspective of communism, tied with their responsibility to manipulate governments and economies all throughout Europe, initiated the Cold War. The US’s actions infuriated the Soviet Union, and their ideology made a global threat in the Soviet Union and communism.
Should they keep the increasingly shaky alliance with the Russians and end the war in Europe? America chose to remain allies, resulting in a decision that affected the world for the next 46 years. World War 2 had concluded but now there was a new enemy, the Soviet Communist. The post-war world left the Soviets and the United States in an ideological power struggle. The origin of the cold war is hard to pinpoint.