1984, by George Orwell, depicts the psychological progression of Winston Smith, a rebellious citizen among an oppressive government. In such a government, each ministry deals with the polar opposite of its namesake, stupidity is as necessary as intellect, and Big Brother is always watching. Conformity is not the ultimate goal of the Party. It is a side effect of Two Minutes Hate, relentless torture, and a lack of meaningful relationships aside from the love of Big Brother. Orwell so vividly illustrates the crushing brutality of the Party in order to warn the reader that an absolute government with the power to drive a citizen to his or her breaking point will inevitably destroy the core of human drive and independence.
“I do fear the people choose Caesar for their king” (892). He justifies his actions and decisions in his own mind, without providing proof. He believes that Caesar is ambitious, but can show no evidence. “And therefore think him as a serpent’s egg which hatched, would as his kind grow mischievous and kill him in the shell” (911). Another fatal mistake in Brutus’ premeditated plan was allowing Antony to live.
George was a sloth of a man never wanting to investigate anything. Charles was just as bad as George, he would just sit and stuff his face with cakes and any other assortment of sweets. Thomas hatched a plan. He wanted to make the squad more successful so he could find the Whitechapel murderer and kill him; reaping the fame and making a name for himself. He wrote a letter which he titled From Hell to George.
The failure of the people to distinguish all these negations reinforces the power of the totalitarian regime. Winston believes that the Party cannot control physics; however, O’Brien (Winston’s chief) responds to him and sums up 1984 in the grim statement while he is torturing Winston: “If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face-forever” (Orwell 267) to pronounce that the Party controls all reality. Through multiple third person limited omniscient excerpts in 1984, one gains glimpses of terrifying possibilities of how totalitarianism takes place against an individual; Winston Smith is defeated by the Party due to totalitarianism. Since Orwell is omniscient, he describes things from the perspective of Winston so readers
These problems however, are exasperated by the society he lives in. 'Thought crime', punishable by death, goes so far as to prohibit freedom of thought, nevermind speech. The Party want their people to be simply hate machines, incapable of love or even original thought, it wants them to live by slogans instead of natural instinct .By the end of the first chapter Winston believes that what he is thinking and feeling will eventually get him killed, and by the middle of the book he takes to repeating the dogma "we are the dead". Right from the beginning we see this fatalist thinking in all Winston does, as if he lives his whole life under a self imposed death sentence. At times it seems he actually does know he will be caught and has just trained his mind to accept this as inevitable.
Winston is constantly tortured and beaten, until he confesses to crimes which he didn't commit or never even happened. If the party just killed Winston right away, they might run the risk of making a martyr out of him. Instead they re-educate him with the morals of The Party, using such techniques as pain, starvation, and using Winston's greatest fear against him. Once re- educated, he is introduced back into society. But he is not the same person, just a hollow shell.
His purchase of the diary was a bold move on his part, but he recorded nothing of importance. He even admits that he had “pour[ed] out...[a] stream of rubbish.” One who writes for a living should be able to write with some eloquence. His job, in fact, was to rewrite history to suit the whims of the Party, which was strange for one who claimed to immensely dislike the principles of Big Brother and who wanted the right to individuality and freedom of speech. Even stranger was though Winston constantly worried about changing history and aspired to know what really happened, he never even dared to contemplate any form of keeping a personal record of actual events. Winston knew that “every record ha[d] been destroyed or falsified, every book ha[d] been... ... middle of paper ... ...y hating Big Brother would be his greatest revenge; this would become another broken promise.
Winston is then tortured until he is mentally broken and no longer attached to J... ... middle of paper ... ...d filled that void with Big Brother. After this Winston was unable to love Julia again, and finally surrendered to Big Brother. Winston Smith continues to struggle with accepting Big Brother’s totalitarian laws in George Orwell’s 1984. Through this book, Orwell gives the reader a clear idea of the potential behind totalitarian governments. Winston Smith, the book’s protagonist, slowly becomes more and more rebellious as the book progresses, only to be captured and tortured to the point that he surrenders himself to the one thing he dedicated himself to opposing.
Fear, an emotion that takes control over you, forces you to act in a certain way and refrain from taking certain risks. Fear takes over us day after day. We fear dying, losing, and failing. In the world of 1984, fear not only controls people individually, but human kind as a whole. Leaders of the Inner Party, and the ultimate leader Big Brother controlled the people of Oceania by their fears.
Winston is caught up with the urge to become more corrupt. In any way that he could, Winston wants to stick it to the man: “No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred. Their embrace had been a battle, the climax a victory. It was a blow struck against the Party. It was a political act” (Orwell 126).