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Summary Of Dr. Pascal Mubenga's The Struggle Of African American Students

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One such authority in the field, Dr. Pascal Mubenga, in his essay The Struggle of African American Students (2012), reasons that a difficult road from segregation and slavery has impacted the educational achievement of African American students. Dr. Mubenga supports his reasoning by elaborating on the disadvantages African Americans have been faced with starting centuries ago: “While immigrants were being Americanized, African, Mexican, Native, Asian, and Puerto Rican Americans were increasingly segregated or denied language and cultural rights in public schools" (Mubenga 7). His purpose is to make educators aware of the background their African American students come from in order to make sure that their needs are handled with a much more…show more content…
Dr. Mubenga also underlines the theory that "the legacy of slavery and poverty has a negative impact on the African American’s mind. These strains are so strong that they are passed on through centuries to the younger generation" (Mubenga 9). Mubenga’s work unveiled the idea that the most prominent social disadvantage of African Americans can be seen in education and academic achievement. It demonstrated how the concentration of African Americans in historically poverty-stricken areas contributes to a failing educational system. In addition, Dr. Mubenga’s essay made known to me the idea that because African American students are disadvantaged in schools, they shift their priorities away from education. He quotes that “African American students are not experiencing the fruits of education and are led to explore and contemplate what is obvious in the mainstream. Hip-Hop culture, television media, and daily reality are some examples of what African American youth learn in contradiction to the school curricula" (Mubenga…show more content…
However, Dr. Mubenga’s research does not take account of how neighborhood plays its role on education, and specifically, how poorer neighborhoods lead towards poorer, unsuccessful schools. An Editorial from the New York Times points out how African American neighborhoods became poor in the first place, and it draws a connection between that and its effect on education.
The New York Times Editorial Board, in their article How Segregation Destroys Black Wealth (2015), argues that African Americans have been — and still are — discriminated against when buying property, resulting in the sprawl of poverty stricken, predominantly black neighborhoods. The Editorial Board supports this argument by providing historical evidence and analysis of the issue. They specify that “The Federal Housing Administration, created during the New Deal to promote homeownership, openly supported these racist measures; it forbade lending to black people even as it subsidized white families that moved from the cities to the suburbs. Cut off from
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