Struggle for Black Americans: Civil Rights Movement

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The Hundred year struggle for Black Americans would begin during Reconstruction, long before the civil rights movement would be headlining in the 1950’s and 1960’s. The struggle would not just be for freedom but also in terms of education and employment from the police brutality and general day to day discrimination. This abuse would compel individuals, such as the more famous Black civil rights leaders to launch efforts to assert their constitutional rights and improve their standing in society; through the use of media, that through time would be shown right in the home of Americans by Tv. Lobbying congressmen to support their cause from marches to Sit ins. Reconstruction would start after the Civil war. President Lincoln had started the crusade in helping Black Americans for civil rights with the Emancipation proclamation, freeing all the slaves in the current rebeling states in 1863. This would then lead to the 13th Amendment (1865), the 14th Amendment (1868) and the 15th Amendment that would attempt to give the vote and citizenship to freed slaves. The Federal Government during the beginning would work to protect Black Americans showing that it wasn’t just down to Black leaders for Civil rights. Despite Congresses best efforts, President Andrew Johnson would be unlike his Predecessor. This made it increasingly difficult without the cooperation of the President to help ensure that the Southern States followed along with the Reconstruction Amendments, instead of the rising Jim crow laws that would spread throughout the south. The need to help African-Americans through law would die a death due to the Compromise of 1877, making Ruther B Hayes President. With the North now turning its back on African-Americans and the South hav... ... middle of paper ... ...said that integration required a change in people's hearts and minds. Eisenhower was sympathetic to white southerners who complained about alterations in what they said was their way of life. He considered as extremists both those who tried to obstruct decisions of federal courts and those who demanded that they immediately enjoy the rights that the Constitution and the courts provided them. Eisenhower refused to use his moral authority as President to advance the cause of civil rights. This issue, which divided the country in the 1950s, became even more difficult in the 1960s. Works Cited UNITED STATES 1776 -1992, Derrick Murphy, Kathryn Cooper, Mark Waldron , ISBN: 0 00 711621 7, P323 The civil rights movement, Bruce J. Dierenfield ISBN:978 1 4058 7435 9 p15 Civil Rights in the USA,1863 - 1980, David Paterson Doug and Suan Willouby,ISBN: 978 0 435 327224, P65

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