After the Civil War, the United States had a total transformation. The country used to be mainly agricultural, but by the late 1800’s it became the world's leading industrial nation. Railroads and new inventions emerged rapidly along with big businesses. Huge corporations controlled the economy and a large amount of job opportunities emerged. Sadly, workers were mistreated and the workplace was a dangerous place to be, but that did not stop the average people from fighting for their rights. New political ideas came about and the United States turned upside down into a whole new era.
The aims of this paper are to evaluate the effects the Industrial Revolution had on the wider world. This essay will be assessing the impact of technology and innovation on employment of the era, and how the factory system gave rise to socialism. In addition, it will be evaluating how the Industrial Revolution was the precursor to the phenomenon of consumerism and the resulting globalization.
When large production and technological innovation arose, change was created in social and economic lives. Before industrialization began, there were only two classes know, the rich and the poor. However, after industrialization, there were the middle working class and the rich. The rich were mainly factory owners and the middle workers were people from farms who migrated to the city to gain a better life and better work. Economically, industrialization made production increase. There was more than one source where people can go buy their goods and therefore, an increase in competition for the better product began. Then came the development of railroads and trains that helped workers get job opportunities. That is why industrialization has been and would be an important part of history.
The industrial revolution brought many pros and cons to the way people live. Britain was the first to experience it and it later spread throughout Europe and the United States. Now we live in a complete industrialized world. While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily negative consequences for society because of the lack of education, it was actually a positive thing for society. Industrialization’s positive effects were new technology, transportation improvements, and the placement of child labor laws.
Today, we live in a world where everything is available to us at a drop of a hat. We live in a world of industry, manufactured goods, and a convenient lifestyle. We have amazing resources, and the ability to buy anything we want, whenever we want, when we want, but this was not always the case. In fact, before the Industrial Revolution, goods were mainly produced by manual labor in homes or farms, and the convenience of mass production was non-existent (Fitzgerald, page 376). From the years 1760-1850, Great Britain introduced the world to a period of evolution and change known as the Industrial Revolution (Richard Fitzgerald, “The Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution”, page 376). The Industrial Revolution was a period where agriculture
Life was drastically changed during the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was a period of time where machinery was used for manufacturing massive production of goods that began in England in the middle 1700s. This revolution was significant because machinery now changed the way nations produced and distributed goods; therefore, it increased the availability and affordability of goods for all people. To understand the Industrialization Revolution, it is necessary to take a closer look at the Pre-Industrialization. During the Pre-Industrialization, most people belonged to either high or low-class not middle class, and many were farmers who lived in the countryside. Also, goods were made by hand thus the products were not readily affordable or available. However, agricultural revolution, population growth, natural resources, factors of production,inventions and transportation all contributed to the growth of the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution resulted in positive and negative changes that paved the way for the working condition and wages, living condition and reform of social class.
The birth of the industrial revolution brought upon enormous economic change. With the implementation of machinery the laborers, referred to here as the Proletarians, were able to produce more goods in a shorter period of time. In a capitalist society the owners of the land, machines, and factories, known at the time as the Bourgeois, would reap all the benefits from this increase in production. Within this complex economic model the rich would get richer while the poor would continue to face a life of poverty.
Today we view industrial revolution as being accountable for the increased standards of living that we are enjoying. This, obviously, is true, but there is an immense and at other times atrocious price paid by human beings through suffering to achieve this standard of living. Right from the beginning, industrialization was intended to revolutionize nations’ populations from being largely rural to mainly urban.
In the Industrial Revolution, many breakthroughs have changed our lives in many ways. The Industrial Revolution began in 1750-1850, which all started in Britain. Since the Industrial Revolution started, it has spread around Europe, North America, and the globe. Although the Industrial Revolution’s inventions became a problem, progress, and promise, many of the important inventions and large factories were built to allow people to get things faster and it allowed people to have jobs.
I would agree with most historians that the bookends of exploration and the industrial revolution are the start of the ‘modern world’. Because of exploration, there was more food being introduced into Europe which is where we see the industrial revolution take roots first. Between 1789 and 1849 Europe dealt with the important forces of a political revolution and the first impact of the Industrial Revolution.