The first of these were created in Chicago, Illinois in 1899. These new facilities as well as the juvenile court system were not accepted at first until the U.S Children’s Bureau was created in order to monitor what was going on the courts. Many people wonder who is categorized under a juvenile delinquent. Donald Shoemaker, author of Juvenile Delinquency states, “ Any minor who commits a status offense (condition of the person’s age at the time of the committed crime) which includes running away from home, truancy from school, disobe... ... middle of paper ... ...Mike. “Should we treat Juvenile Offenders as Adults?” Roanoke Times Online.
More than 2,000 of them received that sentence as a result of a mandatory sentencing scheme (“US”). State laws call for a mandatory sentence of life without parole for those convicted of a felony murder. However, the Supreme Court ruled in June 2012 that mandatory life sentences without parole for juveniles is unconstitutional. To sentence a minor to life in prison is unjust because people under the age of eighteen do not fully comprehend the consequences of their actions, exposure to violence as a child influences their actions, and they are not legal adults and should not be held liable for adult consequences. "The teenage brain is like a car with a good accelerator but a weak brake.
The reason why this rule have been imposed or banned was because many believed that they deserve a second chance. There are many reasons why juveniles commit crimes such as murder. For instance, juveniles do not deserve life sentences because their brain isn 't fully develop yet and lack awareness of their actions. In the article “Startling Finds on Teenage Brains” by Paul Thompson, he explains the development of the brain and how at some situation the brain it isn 't ready and it can affect the person. This effect in divergent ways; psychologically and emotionally.
I think it starts from the family and how they were raised and what family members influenced them to criminal things. Not only do they learn that from family, but he or she could have picked things up like that from friends they have been around or maybe off television shows. Some juveniles are gang related and most crimes involves people losing their lives over it. Somehow, juveniles can maybe get it easier than someone that has already turned 18. Juveniles should be held until their court date or bond release just li... ... middle of paper ... ...all over the world should be tried as an adult because a crime is a crime no matter who committed and what age.
There has always been controversies as to whether juvenile criminals should be tried as adults or not. Over the years more and more teenagers have been involved in committing crimes. In some cases the juries have been too rough on the teens. Trying teens as adults can have a both positive and negative views. For example, teens that are detained can provide information about other crimes, can have an impact in social conditions, and serve as experience; however, it can be negative because teens are still not mature enough for that experience, they are exposed to adult criminals; and they will lose out on getting an education.
Introduction In 1899, the juvenile justice court system began in the United States in the state of Illinois. The focus was intended to improve the welfare and rehabilitation of youth incarcerated in juvenile justice system. The court mainly was focused on the rehabilitation of the youths rather than punishing them being that they still have immature ways and still growing. Specialized detention centers, youth centers, and training schools were created to treat delinquent youth apart from adult offenders in adult facilities. “Of these, approximately 14,500 are housed in adult facilities.
This judicial system had not always had this problem to deal with. Early court systems did not traditionally have the problem of having to try juveniles as adults or did not believe in it. Early court systems tried juveniles in juvenile courts as the juveniles that they were. Courts now allow juveniles to be tried as an adult for certain criminal offenses; such as murder. It has been estimated that annually 250,000 youth are prosecuted as adults (Woolard, 2005).
The court system back then believed that if enough evidence could be gathered to convince a jury, the underage person would be convicted and sent to an adult prison. Currently in our state, persons as young as 14 can be tried as an adult, due to the effects of Emily’s law. Emily’s law was created when her parents left her with a babysitting company, and the owner’s 13 year old son raped the 2 year old and threw her against the wall. She then died on impact.Throughout the harshness of sentencing juveniles, a court specified for juvenile delinquents was created in 1899. Trying juveniles as adults is too severe, because the charges set against them are unjust.
“If it is not the biggest scandal in American legal history, many are calling it at least the darkest day for the country’s troubled juvenile-justice system” (Ken Stier). Since the juvenile justice court started, many people thought that juveniles should be trial as an adults. In 1990’s the juvenile that broke the law were treated like adults offenders. Juvenile that commit crimes are more likely to get away from the charges due to that their brains are not fully developed. Due to the facts and evidence that United States have done on juvenile, in addition juveniles should be trial as an adult and do their time for the crime they committed.