Shakespeare - Authorship

analytical Essay
1790 words
1790 words

In 1564, a man was born by the name of William Shakespeare. He was born to a poor family, was given little education, and had no interaction with sophisticated society. Thirty-eight plays and over 150 sonnets are not attributed to this ignorant man. Those who believe that Shakespeare was the author have no definitive proof but instead point to Hamlet’s declaration: "The play’s the thing(Satchell 71)." The true author, however, lies hidden behind he name of Shakespeare. Edward de Vere the premier Earl of Oxford is not only considered a great poet in history, but he may also be the great playwright who concocted the sonnets and plays which are now attributed to William Shakespeare of Stratford, England.

Edward de Vere was the Lord Great Chamberlain and the seventeenth Earl of Oxford. He was raised as a Royal Ward and from a very young age was educated in the sports and arts of nobility. Although disgraceful for a nobleman to waste time writing frivolous plays, Oxford as a young man wrote and staged the entertainment for the court. As an adult, he became engrossed in theatrical performances and frittered away his fortunes in support of several writers and actors (Friedman 13). During this time, De Vere also began writing several poems and plays. Much like Samuel Clemens, who wrote under the name of Mark Twain, Oxford adopted the pseudonym Shakespeare. Soon after plays appeared under the name of "Shakespeare," poems by de Vere ceased (Russell 5). Coincidently, the coat of arms of Lord Bulbeck, a third title of Edward de Vere, is a lion shaking a spear (Ogburn 10). De Vere was also known by the people as the "spear-shaker" because of excellence at the tilts and at jousting (Russell 5).

Many believe this pen name was for protection. Many of the plays said to have been written by Shakespeare explicitly describe the corruption in court politics and contain "thinly veiled satires and parodies of politicians and courtiers." In addition, public theatres such as the Globe were laced with prostitutes, drunkards and criminals and because of the scoundrel audiences, playwrights were held in low esteem. Moreover, many scholars believe de Vere’s reasons for his pseudonym may be linked to the homoerotic threads in many of the Shakespearean sonnets and de Vere’s possible homosexual affair with his son-...

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...o one (Huston 162). In Sonnets 25 through 46, de Vere also spelled out in 22 letter patterns W SHAKESPEARE-OXFORD-VERE (Huston 170). The odds of this happening are even greater than that of the aforementioned probability. Using poetic license, de Vere of Oxford utilized codes and ciphers to spell out his name and other such messages.

	Edward de Vere of Oxford lived from 1550 to 1604. In the duration of that time, he was a young nobleman, a poet, and a lover of the theatre, but was also probably a great playwright who has yet to receive full credit for the plays he composed. De Vere witnessed first hand the inner workings of nobility. He traveled throughout Europe, completed his education at Cambridge University, studied the law at Gray’s Inn, and had abundant knowledge of historical occurrences and literary works (Russell 4). These are not only elements in the works attributed to William Shakespeare, but also are things which William Shakespeare of Stratford England knew nothing of. Who wrote the Shakespearean sonnets and plays? There is only one answer to this pivotal question – Edward de Vere of Oxford England.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that shakespeare was born to a poor family, had little education, and had no interaction with sophisticated society. the true author, however, lies hidden behind the name of shakespeare.
  • Explains that edward de vere was the lord great chamberlain and the seventeenth earl of oxford.
  • Argues that de vere's pseudonym may be linked to the homoerotic threads in many shakespearean sonnets and his possible homosexual affair with his son-in-law.
  • Explains that de vere would have been familiar with many allusions in shakespeare’s plays. he studied law and traveled across the continent, spending a great deal of time in italy.
  • Explains that of the shakespearean plays had to possess a rare knowledge in several disciplines including physical sciences, medicine, law, astronomy, and the bible. de vere was taught by only the best tutors.
  • Analyzes how de vere's life is represented in the plays attributed to shakespeare of stratford.
  • Analyzes how hamlet is not the only literary work in which de vere describes his life. his love affair with anne de vavasour is portrayed in measure for measure, and his childhood is directly correspondent with macbeth and orthelo.
  • Explains that oxford died in 1604. this year is also the same year that william shakespeare retired from writing his alleged plays.
  • Explains that there are many verbal parallels in the works accredited to shakespeare and the poetry of edward de vere.
  • Analyzes how shakespeare and de vere's poems use similar images and phrases, such as fertility, harvest, and the lazy drones robbing honey.
  • Describes the allusions used by caesar, hannibal and pompey, venus' beauty, blind cupid with his bow, and countless more from greek mythology.
  • Compares shakespeare and de vere's writings, stating that the use of sweet versus sour, joy compared to woe, and ebb and flow are common. shakespeare echoes this metaphor in 'labour and it’s rewards'.
  • Analyzes how oxford and shakespeare have similar rhythm and sentence structure. shakespeare uses the same image with comparable sentence structures and rhythm.
  • Explains that de vere was a great writer in history, and he was also of the works attributed to william shakespeare.
  • Explains that shakespeare's signatures can be found in various places in the sonnets and plays attributed to william shakespeare of stratford.
  • Analyzes how acoustic patterns are found in shakespeare's sonnets, such as de vere using codes and ciphers to spell his name and other messages.
  • Explains that edward de vere of oxford lived from 1550 to 1604. he was a young nobleman, poet, and playwright who witnessed first-hand the inner workings of nobility.
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