Money Investments There is strong evidence that growing up in poverty is harmful for children (Brooks-Gunn & Duncan, 1997). It is important to understand the proper role of maternal employment in reducing poverty. Encouraging or promoting maternal employment may be highly desirable for a number of reasons. For example, maternal employment provides economic well-being, children are socialized regarding appropriate adult role models, etc. At the same time, the patterns evident in the research suggest that policies whose aim is merely to "get people working" will not eliminate poverty unless the pay is sufficient to provide for the basic material needs of families and children (Lichter & Eggebeen, 19... ... middle of paper ... ... care for physical well-being of the child, there are substantial benefits of high quality child care.
One of the more controversial topics still existing in the United States outside of race is gender. In most cases, women’s standards are still well below those of men, even after centuries of progression. This also plays a significant factor in social vulnerabilities. The biggest example of this is a woman’s role outside of the corporate world. Women are also more vulnerable to disasters because of their roles as mothers and caregivers: when disaster is about to strike, their ability to seek safety is restricted by their responsibilities to the very young and the very old, both of whom require help and supervision companies (Rygel et al., 2006).
Closing the wage gap between men and women is a continuing struggle today in nations all over the world. In many occupations women are paid less overall than their male counterparts. One nation, however, is making strides to bring this disparity in wages into the light. British law will soon require large companies to publish information about the salaries paid to their male and female employees. While this is a great step forward in recognizing the gender pay gap, many women also face many other obstacles to getting equal pay such as the “Mommy Tax” that reporter Ann Crittenden talks about in her piece of the same name (Kirk and Okazawa-Rey 337).
Gender inequalities are a huge factor in the workplace; we think that it is unfair. Feminism is needed to resolve this conflict because women have fallen behind compared to men, due to unequal pay. On top of the discussed information above, women are also being overworked. Not only do we get paid less than men, but we are also presents with an infinite amount of duties that our society doesn’t give us enough credit for nor do we get paid for it. Thanks to gender roles the child care and the house work falls in her hands.
Gender is a concept that describes the differences between men and women as a result of the socio-cultural construction of society (Mohd Anuar, 2014). Injustice and discrimination often occur against women and minority groups in obtaining the right to get the opportunities provided by the government in improving living standards. This also will cause negative emotional impact on female employees if left behind. As a result, the woman worker would suffer low motivation to work, reducing productivity and job performance. The authority of a woman is also likely to be threatened if things like this happen in their organization.
There are a lot more single income houses in America today than in the past. Also many women have had to become the main source of income in a family because of economic problems. Women may be discouraged by the discrimination and pay gap making them less effective at their jobs. In this essay I plan to discuss gender discrimination in the work place, the gender pay gap, and the social stereotypes that cause these problems. Gender discrimination can mean treating a person differently simply because of the sex based on social stereotypes or because ... ... middle of paper ... ...ifferently.
Recently, gender inequality is being emphasized as an acute and persistent problem. In the USA, this is predominantly due to that fact that women are demanding their rights at workplaces. Mostly, they try harder to be appropriate and successful in their careers rather than men. ‘Differential treatment within the labor market is what we refer to as labor market discrimination’ (Ehrenberg and Smith, 2012, p398). Gender discrimination against women in the market place reduces the available talent in workplaces and has negative consequences on the country.
While the situation has improved, women still have to deal with a male oriented world. Often women in the workplace are thought of as inferior and as a liability. This can be due to concerns about maternity leave, or women with poor leadership skills. But also in part it is due because of the patriarchy that controls all aspects and dynamics of the culture, family, politics, and economy. Even developed countries like The United Kingdom, United States, Germany, and France, could be classified as a patriarchies.
In a report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the most accurate wage gap for single women before marriage and children is $0.96 on the dollar for comparable professions. This is a negligible difference that doesn’t support the conspiracy so many radical feminists flaunt concerning a world where women are oppressed. On the other side of the spectrum, when women are put into the role of motherhood their work experience becomes halted as they struggle to nurture their child. This is where the statistic becomes misunderstood. Often times if a mother happens to return to work she must choose a job with great flexibility, and because not all jobs are flexible women tend to find themselves... ... middle of paper ... ...t always have, however some have inflated statistics to appear like there is a conspiracy, this is severely damaging to our society and there are many actions that can be taken to further prosper our society to be fully accepting and non-discriminatory.
Women have faced great difficulty in the past to gain equal rights as men in the workplace. Currently, in the twenty-first century may seem that women have made substantial leeway in obtaining the equal rights and treatment in the workplace as men. Women still face inequalities that are barriers preventing them from advancing in their careers. Gender inequality is not the only barrier in the workplace. Race, social class and perceived gender roles are barriers as well.