How a person behaved on earth would determine if they were to be sent to heaven, hell, or purgatory. The Catholic Church was a “major source of moral and spiritual instruction in medieval Christendom,” but was also the source of the “artistic productivity” during this time as well (148). This caused a revival of more than one thousand monasteries and abbey churches. These monastic churches attracted many Christian pilgrims which eventually resulted in the Pilgrimage Church. Although churches were influenced by the Romanesque style, the Gothic cathedral were being built which started the synthesis of different styles.
People became more educated and started questioning the ways of the world. Most importantly, it was the decade for art (Cooper). During the Renaissance new topics about life were arising like the idea of life after death. Not only was religion beginning to play a role in art, so was the idea of science social lives and math. Raphael was mostly famous for his artwork of religious influences.
Gothic and Romanesque Cathedrals The Romanesque style transformed into the Gothic style during the Middle Ages. This happened for many reasons. The Romanesque period was a time of trial and error while the Gothic period was a time of advancements in inventions. Religion was an important factor in the shift between Romanesque and Gothic. The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic cathedrals.
The most critical change between the Medieval Period and the Renaissance Time was in spiritual character of humanity eminently expressed in both literature and the visual arts, particularly through the motif of journey and self-discovery. Since the growth of humanistic thought, it changed the way of writing in tales, poems, and a new broad vision on arts. The spiritual of humanity was a main reason for the changes of literature and arts. It is interesting to compare the works from two different eras, and realize that they had different believes, their thought were changing little by little which lead to the development of new literary themes and new ways of intercepting art. The Medieval Periods lasted from the fifth to the fifteenth century in European which had begun to emulate the art and philosophy of ancient Greece.
In so doing, he employed the elements of classicism at the heart of the Renaissance, therefore portraying the change in religious philosophy at the time. Today, many of his works continue to impact the way we see God and the Catholic faith. Works Cited Green, Jen. Famous Artists: Michelangelo. Hauppauge: Barron's Educational Series, Inc., 1993.
Woods provides this information to describe the influence and importance of the church in artwork, in which, as I strongly agree, sparked a period that created beautiful paintings, sculptures, stained glass, and illuminated manuscripts; which were major parts during the growth of Western civilization. Theologians referred to Catholic theological in defense of art that depicted Christ, the saints, and the religious scenes that have defined so much of Western artistic life, and broadly, Western Civilization. Woods is describing the influence of the Church, overcoming iconoclasm and having an enormous influence on the arts, which sparked the g... ... middle of paper ... ...t upon your interest in choosing the chapter. I chose this chapter because I knew, right from the title: “Art, Architecture, and the Church” that I would be interested. In other words, being an artist is one of my favorite hobbies, yet I do not know a significant amount about the history art.
The difference between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is most visible through art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion or classical antiquity, and humanity. During the Middle Ages, art was more religious because it had a very religious influence from the church having such great power in the community. When the Renaissance started, art became more focused on ancient Greece. The Greek influence was because scholars were broadly studying the revival of classical antiquity. The architecture was affected in the same way because in the Middle Ages the style of the buildings was being influenced by religion.
However, after his long stay in Toledo, Spain, El Greco's painting style transformed from one of marked Italian influence to another more personal and dramatic , in which the artificial and unreal elements were intensified. However, his painting were not just the product of spiritual visions or emotional reactions but of the intentional creation of an artificial and antinaturalistic art. To appreciate El Greco's original artistic style development is essential to understand the religious context in which it flowered. El Greco lived in a time of theological renewal and zealous spiritual reform. Toledo, the city in which the painting "The Assumption of the Virgin" was made, was the ecclesiastical capital of Spain in the XVI century and a place of intense religious activity.