Thus, the definition of religion varies based on the disciplines and approaches. Some of its definitions are broad and comprehensive while some are narrow and exclusionary. There is a wide-range of definitions in various ways. So, each definition can be viewed as a way of understanding and seeing the multidimensional meaning and practice of religion. A typical definition of religion refers to a set of beliefs, symbols, and rituals, which are based on the ideas of the sacred, which in turn unites believers into a socio-religious community.
“Religion is one of the things that most people hope or fear is true”, quoting Davies. Divergent topics such as religion tend to fascinate, interest and attract them. There are plenty of reasons why different religions are practiced around the world. A common reason for participating in religious practices is family upbringing. People become religious despite undergoing numerous changes from childhood to adult life.
Religious Life and Its Dependence on Experience Religious life depends on many things including experiences, authoritative teaching and scripture, so depending on a number of factors, I would agree with his view to a certain extent. Religion is something quite hard to pin down, but may often be defined as a set of practices or beliefs which a group of people may follow with a spiritual outlook, rejecting the view of religion as a sociological phenomenon. Religious experience may therefore be defined as a situation or feeling that affects or has affected you, in some spiritual, emotional way that you may have perceived to be received from a greater, ‘divine’ being or force. Religious experience can take many forms and be triggered by things such as depression, prayer, creative arts, or even sex, however different people regard religious experiences differently, so what may affect one person may not even be of any concern to another. In this sense, many people may not have even contemplated a religious experience, but may still lead a religious life.
Meaning of religion varies in different cultures and geographical location (Religion and Spirituality). In religion, most people believe in a god or gods. Also, most of them have set rules which must be followed to be religious. Religion is a category that is really wide-ranging and has many different parts to it. Such as rituals, beliefs, festivals, community, and many other things which are set by specific religion.
Emile Durkheim defined religion as having a few necessary components, which are that it is a unified structure of beliefs with organized practices that is built around beliefs which are sacred to its followers. He also said that in each religion they divided items, places, and events into two realms, being Sacred and Profane. The sacred elements are connected to the religion, and are items that inspire awe, respect, and even sometimes fear into the believer of that religion. If people wish to become part of the sacred realm they perform some sort of ritual such as praying or sacrificing. Since people have faith they start to accept the things in which they do not understand or things that cannot be explained.
Religion is a set of values and beliefs that bind the people together in the society. It can be natural and supernatural aspect of reality that builds the faith among the people living in the society. There are various religions in the world and different society has different values and beliefs towards it. Religions depend upon ones culture and tradition or in fact religion itself creates that tradition and values in the people’s mind. Various kinds of religions that are practiced in the world are Islam, Bahai, Sikhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Judaism and of course different ways of thinking are opinions are associated with those religions.
Where does religion come from and what is its function? This simple question has been studied, defined, and debated by a variety of individuals with differing schools of thought throughout history. Although the conjunction of different ideologies from many of these theorists would provide the most comprehensive solution to this question, Mircea Eliade’s theory as a whole most convincingly addresses this question compared other separate theories as a whole. In particular, Eliade’s emphasis of studying religion via a cross-cultural comparison method and his notion of “the sacred and the profane” results in a deeper understanding of a given religion and the function it provides to human society as a whole. In contrast to many of the earlier theorists such as Tylor, Frazer, and Freud; Eliade suggests that to truly understand the function of a particular religion or religious practice, one must compare it to other religions across the world.
People are religious for many reasons. These include the difference religion makes in life and how religious beliefs influence actions. Religion structures a religious person’s life. More than three quarters of the world’s population consider they belong to a religion. All aspects of religion are reasons for a person to be religious.
There are many different religions in the world, all of which vary in their religious traditions and their relationship with the sacred. Sacred, according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, means entitled to reverence and respect (2014); in this context, sacredness is not limited to a single belief system but applies to all religions where the upmost reverence and respect is given. In the pursuit of studying religions across the globe, scholars have developed a way of understanding religions through three specific questions. The first is what a religion and its traditions say to its followers such as its structured belief system and how it is taught. The second is what a religion does for its followers whether it is through a ritual or religious community.