Saperstein and Penner define what a stereotype is as a “set of expectations by which people are continually judged in everyday interactions.”2 In addition, they claim that “[c]ertain races [are] judged to be inferior or superior on the basis of … stereotypes and such rankings were used to both explain and justify social, political, and economic inequality.” 3 Stereotypes themselves already set up and unequal stance. They are one of the core components of racial inequality, especially in America, because of their assumptions based on unproven information or information that has been misconstrued to be a generalization
However, African Americans are one of the most populations in this world who faced discrimination in general: Racial discrimination in particular. Although African Americans faced racial discrimination due to slavery period hundred years ago, racial discrimination still prevails in African Americans life in the present, lead by huge psychological affects. Near 1400’s African Americans were suffering discrimination due the beginning of slavery period. During that period African Americans faced many kind of segregation, and humiliation under the concept of being slaved. They were segregated from their children’s and families for long time that even if they thought of going back home, there was no home.
This tool is dangerous to society and its interactions because it limits social, academic and work opportunities. Yang intent to explain it as a barrier between social relationships that comes already in our DNA; “there are racially inflected assumptions wired into our neutral circuitry that we use to sort through the sea of faces we confront” (Yang, 553). Stereotyping is a common habit; it constantly affects one’s approach to others. The process takes cultural, racial, age, gender, and interest to distinguish certain kind of people. It can be hereditable, from generation to generation some prejudices transcend and develop without questioning its origin.
Discrimination is the act of “making a distinction in favor for or against a person or thing on the basis of the group, class, or category to which the person or thing belongs rather than according to actual merit; show partiality” (Discriminate). Discrimination is a very complex problem in American society. People will discriminate against each other because of lack knowledge or personal ignorance today, also People can judge others without thinking. For this reason, people compare themselves to ourselves, and their ideal model of a human being. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the types of discrimination, how to distinguish each type, and show how it affects people.
Prejudice is a destructive social problem. Theories of prejudice distinguish between old-fashioned and modern forms. The former is an open rejection of minority group members; the latter is subtle and covert, with a veneer of out-group acceptance. Prejudice is commonly defined as an unfair negative attitude toward a social group or a person perceived to be a member of that group. Racism is related to concepts such as prejudice, but it is a more encompassing term.
Explanations that justify the use of racism directly relates to differential treatment of minority groups and contributes to racism’s existence as an unstoppable social problem. The foundations of these explanations are based on the common misunderstanding of the definition of race. Thus, problems that tend to concentrate in one race are mistakenly judged as “race problems”. This judgement leads to the establishment of a system of inequality between a superior race and inferior races. However, the logic behind these explanations don’t account for the true reasoning behind minority individuals value status.
This fallacy does not take into account the basis that black people or minorities are still discriminated against and have fewer opportunities than white people despite having a black president. The American society is not always obvious when acting in discriminatory behavior. In the article, “Racism,” Feagin explains that it is possible for white people to hold less consciously prejudice thoughts that stem from prior socialization (Feagin, 2015). Thus, racist attitudes can be conscious, half-conscious, or subconscious (Feagin, 2015). Examples of this half or subconscious racist attitude is found in employment settings.
The article being analyzed is called “The Intersections of Race, Class and Gender in the Anti-Racist Discourse" by George Dei. The purpose of the article is to outline the idea that race cannot be analysed by itself, rather it has to be separated and looked at in connection to other types of identities. The author argues that the current theory about race does not provide a concise understanding of “human and social development”. The ideas surrounding race that already exist do not consider the “totality of human experiences”. This is where the author argues that the study of anti-racism is "integrative".
Growing up in Maycomb County, Scout Finch had found out about the many negative aspects of the people that live there. Scout has been exposed to situations with explicit indications of racism, judgment, and discrimination; and through those experiences, she becomes conscious of the severity and cruelty of the residents of Maycomb. Aspects of Maycomb residents are revealed in some of the events that Scout is involved in. During Scout’s visit to First Purchase African M.E. church, she discovers the impact of discrimination on African-Americans.
The distinction made between races has nothing to do with genetic characteristics. Instead, race was created socially, primarily by how people perceive ideas and faces that they are not quite used to. The idea of racism includes the perception that humans can be placed into group based on their rank as superior or inferior depending on the color of their skin. Many fail to realize that there are different types of racism. The Holocaust is a common example of institutionalized racism.