America as a country consists of citizens from different races. The issue of racism has led to rise to many revolutions in a bid to promote equality in the country. Identification of an individual with their race without regarding the sovereignty and unity in the country promotes racism. Individuals from some races view their races as better and look down upon other races. Racism that involves treating some races as superior to the other in terms of their belief should not be used to gauge the identification of an individual.
Therefore it has become a source of division within the working class that only works in favor for the bourgeois and capitalist. On the there hand, Ethnicity has a wider concept than race but still can be useful and counterproductive. To begin, one obvious reason why ethnicity is useful because it allows for other cultures, customs to express themselves. Secondly, promotes multiculturalism and diversity. Be that as it may, it is counterproductive and overlapping because the systematic distinctions within ethnicity lead to equality and inequality in society Therefore resulting to racial supremacy and privilege.
Race relations are so ingrained in American culture that a 'true' definition of race has never been properly established. The narrow focus on individuals fails to note the impact racism has on society as a whole, especially in politics (Omi and Winant, p. 15). The authors also quote Glazer and Moynihan (1963) stating that ethnic groups are not solely bound by skin color or even by place of origin, but more commonly by “ties of interest” (Omi and Winant p. 18). By defining race and ethnicity by biological means, the fact that these ethnic and racia... ... middle of paper ... ...r class, white majority benefit heavily from preventing minorities from climbing up the economic ladder. This approach would only be possible if “countervailing irrationalities can be tamed by limited and judicious state intervention” (p. 24-25).
The category of class is necessary to an accurate account of modern societies and ethnicity too is generally assumed to be more simply a piece of ideology. But race, it seems, is nothing but a dangerous product of prejudice or, at least, of false thinking. According to Simon During, “Racism is, at its heart, the belief that the human species is constituted
This guaranteed that all races had an equal opportunity in America, and did not strip people away from jobs cause of their color. The book was structured thematically, based off of three major topics: the concept of racial formation, critique on racial theories in America, and how post war politics and racial history affect racial formation. Omni tries to break down every issue of racism in each chapter, giving the reader a better understanding of different factors that cause racial formation. Touching on different topics that could possibly cause this issue, but at the same time questioning theories that are previously made to help figure out why racism is such a huge issue in America. But it was also structured in a chronological order based off of the different racial dynamics over decades.
“Racial prejudice is often used to justify keeping a group in a subordinate economic position’ (Schaefer 39). Exploitation is seen when a minority group competes with the majority group. “Karl Marx emphasized exploitation of the lower class as an integral part of capitalism” (Schaefer 39).
Conflict theory are perspective in sociology psychology that accentuate the social, political, or material inequality of a social group, that analysis the broad socio-political system, or that weaken from structural functionalism and ideological conservatism. With conflict theory, you will see tensions, status, and power are unevenly distributed between groups in society, which these conflicts become the purpose of social change. Conflict theory usually arise due to competition and limited resource that is feed by domination and power, rather than consensus and conformity. This is seen a lot on macro level. As a social worker, you will see and use conflict theory throughout your professional.
These theorists embrace the idea that the upper class controls the community while the lower class strives for the limited resources (Giddens et al 2014). This would clearly cause major problems in vital situations in an individual’s life through racial groups
There are different speculations on why people are prejudice. Psychologist John Dollard believes that people take out their frustration on a scapegoat, which in this case is a race, ethnicity, or a minority group. Another psychologist, Theodor Adorno, believed that prejudice came from a person’s personality. He did an experiment and concluded that people who were insecure and listened to their superiors, named an authoritarian personality. From the sociological perspective, functionalist believe that prejudice is a result of the social environment.
On the other hand Ethnicity refers to collective social practices, opinions, and modifications that set apart one group of people from another. That is, ethnicity is a communal ethnic inheritance. The most common features distinguishing various ethnic groups are ancestry, a sense of history, language, religion, and forms of dress. Ethnic differences are not inherited; they are learned. In the past we can see that social sciences, ‘race’ and ethnicity were preserved as unlike logical concepts; ‘race ‘ by suggesting nature or understanding though lineage or blood , while ethnicity recommended connection though mutual past and philosophy .