Racial Discrimination Effect on Labor Market

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The earliest form of racial discrimination against Asian Americans was encountered during the California Gold Rush. The Gold Rush attracted Chinese immigrants who came to California to fill the high demand for laborers. However, as more and more Chinese immigrated to California and the lower-paying labor jobs were filled, the Chinese began filling higher-paying positions typically held by Whites. As a result, an anti-Chinese Movement was formed followed by the enactment of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 which prevented any additional Chinese immigration into the United States. Essentially, Chinese were discriminated against by the Whites due to fear of the Chinese taking over their jobs. After World War II, the federal government ended the 1882 ban on Chinese immigration and gave citizenship to Chinese Americans born abroad (Charles and Guryan 507). In relation to workplace discrimination, wages rank among the issues that affect working Asian-Americans. According to ChangHwan Kim and Author Sakamoto, Asian Americans earn 8% lower wages compared to their White counterparts. Furthermore, they also found out that education did not significantly improve the wage earning situation for Asian Americans. Asian American males with college degrees still earn a lower wage compared to a White male with a similar level of education. Although the 8% difference may not seem to be much, it is a clear indication that racial discrimination for Asian Americans still exists through wage rates (Charles and Guryan 509). Debate on whether Asians are subjected to workplace discrimination based on their race has been raging on for years. The research findings on this issue have been varied. For instance, Cabezas and Kawaguchi (1988) showed that fore... ... middle of paper ... ...r 2013 Social Problems New Mysoclab with E-text Access Card Package Books a La Carte Edition. N.P.: Pearson College Div, 2012. Print. Black Unemployment Rate Is Consistently Twice That of Whites." Pew Research Center RSS. N.P., 21 Aug. 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2013. Austin, Algernon. "The Economic Policy Institute." Economic Policy Institute. Economic Policy Institute, 25 Feb. 2013. Web. 22 Oct. 2013. Blank Rebecca, Marilyn Dabady, and Constance Citro. Measuring Racial Discrimination. National Academies Press, 2004. Cohen, Y and Zach. T. (1997). The Labor Market status of Immigrants: Effects of the Unemployment Rate at Arrival and Duration of Residence. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 50(2): 289-303. Hellerstein, J., McIrney, M. and Neumark, D. (2009). "Spatial Mismatch, Immigrant Networks, and Hispanic Employment in the U.S.," NBER Working Paper No. 15398.
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