The ultimate goal of critical literacy and content literacy is enabling students to be able to analyze and evaluate text. These skills allow students to look for biases in text and evaluate what the author’s purpose is in order to determine their own thoughts on the topic. Understanding critical literacy and content literacy makes it possible to see the theoretical connections between the two. One connection that exist between critical literacy and content area literacy is that learning is an active process and it requires the learner to be engaged and involved with the learning process and material. Another connection is the idea that students can use background knowledge and combine it with what they are learning to gain new knowledge and understanding.
In this step, the students are encouraged to create questions and are asked to write down the ones that interest them the most. L. The final step is step L recalling what I did learn as a result of reading. In this step, the students write or discuss what they have learned with specific attention to their original questions. I will use this strategy to help me gain a sense of students’ prior knowledge of the classic literature The Secret Garden. A complete KWL chart can help students reflect and evaluate their learning experience as well as serve as a useful assessment tool for teachers.
Basic Concept of Reading Dadzie (2008 cited in Owusu & Acheaw, 2014) states reading is the ability to understand words that help students’ knowledge growth and develop. In addition, Weaver (2009) states that reading is a process to determine students’ brain, emotion and belief bring to get knowledge or information. From both of statements, it can be assumed that reading is an activity to understand text that determines students’ ability, intelligence to get or gain information of what they read. Likewise, following Cline, Johansen & King (2006) reading is decoding and understanding written texts. Decoding means how the students translate the text in order to understand the information from text.
The teacher’s questioning strategy can help students obtain understanding and see connections as they work toward solutions to problems. (Inspire, 2011) “One of the most striking aspects of teaching is that the teacher’s speech consists of questions” (Manouchehri & Lapp, 2003, p.563). Each question the teacher asks should be strategic toward the goal of student learning. The teacher must determine beforehand what student response is desired and structure the questioning accordingly. Questioning can also aid the educator by assessing the students’ comprehension and understanding, thereby allowing the modification of instruction if necessary (Chappell & Thompson, 1999).
The purpose of this activity would be to help students become better readers by connecting reading and writing, engaging in critical thinking and learning about how to interpret a text and formulating thoughtful personal responses to what they read, help learn decoding and fluency skills as well as learn new vocabulary words. Finally, the last group of students would be engaged in practicing phonics, which is a way of teaching reading and spelling that stresses symbol-sound relationships. You could see students play phonics games on PBSKids.org, or work on a particular phonics, rhyme and other literacy skill on the website called ReadWriteThink.org. and/or Lexia. Computer-assisted instruction would be an engaging activity, which would benefit and develop students’ reading skills.
Alphabetics are addressed in the word lists provided. Teachers can provide students with a letter-name inventory, a letter-sound inventory, a phonics-inventory which will strengthen their developmental spelling inventory along with strengthen students word decoding (Walpole & McKenna, 2006). Being able to obtain information about students vocabulary, is crucial to establish a vocabulary developmental program. Some IRIs available provides vocabulary knowledge assessments that can gauge the level of vocabulary comprehension. Generally vocabulary and comprehension scores are comparable.
Works Cited Poulson, L., Avramidis, E., Fox, R., Medwell, J., & Wray, D. (2001). The theoretical beliefs of effective teachers of literacy in primary schools: An exploratory study of orientations to reading and writing. Research Papers in Education, 16(3), 271-292.
Modified guided reading: Gateway to English as a second language and literacy learning. The Reading Teacher, 61(4), 318-329. Frey, N. and Fisher, D, (2010). Identifying instructional moves during guided learning. The Reading Teacher, 64(2), 84-95.
Reading comprehension is a critical skill for students. When students demonstrate that they need intensive support in the area of comprehension, the teacher may have to modify the present curriculum being used in the classroom. Therefore, the author suggests a reading comprehension practice modification that combines a modified reciprocal teaching style and cooperative learning. Thus, a reciprocal teaching style is when the teachers and students take turns leading a discussion about the key features of text through summarizing, questioning, clarifying and predicting. In fact, reciprocal teaching aides helps students who have difficulty with reading comprehension.
There are a broad number of methods available to teachers, and each situation and student may require differentiated instruction (Marsh, 2010). The Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted) (2010) states that phonics is a fundamental first skill in learning to read. Correspondingly, the NTDET (2010) stresses that systematically teaching students phonics awareness is pivotal in teaching students to read. Besides phonics teaching, the NTDET stress that comprehension is a vital aspect of reading to teach students (2010). The Ofsted report goes on to highlight that learning phonics is a key first step in being able to decode print, another useful reading