Constructivism And Constructivism

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1. a. The chapter is organized in a way that it is easy to follow and comprehend. The first page entails questions that the reader should consider as they read the chapter. It then goes on to give a general concept of constructivism and into more details as you read along in the chapter.
b. My analysis is that the chapter is well written with many important details about constructivism and the important people that collaborated to form this theory.

2. The main points are:
• Constructivism is a theory of learning that emphasizes the active construction of knowledge by individuals.
• Learning occurs when individuals integrate new knowledge with existing knowledge.
• Constructivism holds that learning takes place through internal mechanisms
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Constructivism is a theory of learning that emphasizes the active construction of knowledge by individuals. Inquiry of learning is a theory developed by Dewey in which it emphasizes the development of student’s cognitive abilities such as reasoning and decision making. Inquiry theory, is reflected in reading instruction by having children choose their own vocabulary, asking their own thought provoking questions and giving them the opportunity to construct their own meaning. Schemata theory strives to explain how knowledge is created and used by the learners. In reading instruction schemata can be observe as a child tries to understand a story by using past personal experience to relate to concepts in the story. Transitional response theory is the notion that all readers have unique background schemata. In transitional theory all readers will have a different response to the text. Psycholinguistic theory is the study of the relationships between linguistic behavior and psychological processes including the process of language acquisition. In reading it helps the readers make predictions about what the text say based on their knowledge in these areas. Metacognition is the process of thinking about one’s own thinking. In reading metacognition helps reading comprehension. Engagement theory seeks to articulate the differences between engaged and disengaged readers. In reading, engagement theory is best seen when children are motivated to read and are constantly reading or…show more content…
What teachers should know?
• Everyone constructs individualized interpretations, based on the uniqueness of their personal schemata.
• Children work to construct meaning through reading.
• Proficient readers mentally engage with a text during reading.
• Use of active, social learning experiences to engage student thinking on all levels.
• Use of alternative systems of assessment, such as portfolio assessment
3. Useful ideas:
• Use of real, high quality literature for literacy learning.
• Brainstorming, teacher guide students through activities in which they aim to get students, first, to activate any background information they have on a topic and second to extend their already existing background knowledge on the topic.
• Webbing, student generated ideas are written down randomly, in order in which they are introduced.

1. Develop a bulleted list of what teachers should know based on the contents of your chapter that will help them improve literacy instruction, including how the knowledge may help them.
2. Develop a bulleted list of useful ideas in the chapter that relate to your instructional context, including how the ideas are useful to
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