A Short History of WWII. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc. p. 171. ISBN 0-688-03587-6. Sulzberger, C.L., "The American Heritage Picture History of World War II" "The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The White House Reacts, 1941", EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2005). The Japanese Merchant Marine in World War II (Annapolis: United States Naval Institute Press, 1993) Willmott, op.
Investigation into these elements as well as records of public opinion withheld before and after the attack will determine if ignorance towards and favorable opinions of the Japanese were influenced solely by the government. B: Summary of Evidence On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy led an attack on the United States Naval Base in Pearl Harbor Hawaii. The same day US Attorney General Francis Biddle directed the Federal Bureau of Investigation to arrest any suspected enemy aliens, and by the end of the day 737 Japanese civilians were arrested without trial. On December 8, the United States declared war on Japan and was brought into World War Two. Following the attack a great fear of more attacks by the Japanese swept over United States citizens.
December 7, 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt described this as a day, “that will live infamy.” The attack on Pearl Harbor, in the early morning hours of December 7, was one of the most devastating defeats that the United States of America had ever encountered. In the years leading up to the attack there were many events that happened that would inflame Japanese aggression towards the United States. Some people say that these events could have been prevented and some say that the President let the events happen to push his agenda of inevitability for the United States to enter WWII. So why did the Japanese attack the United States at Pearl Harbor? Japan was a small nation that was in dire need of resources so it could flourish.
2014.. Schrijvers, Peter. The GI War against Japan: American Soldiers in Asia and the Pacific during World War II. New York: New York UP, 2002. Print. Straus, Ulrich.
The nation proceeded to declare war on Japan. Then, because of the alliance between Germany and Japan, Germany declared war on the U.S. At the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was president. From the beginning of his presidency and the start of the war, he had wanted to get involved with the war. Historians have debated for many years who is at fault for the attack on Pearl Harbor and causing the deaths of two thousand Americans. He believed that without the United States aid, Russia and England would collapse, and the United States government had broken a diplomatic code and intercepted a message from Japan threatening war.
Co.ISBN 0-929521-40-4. Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy (1941–1945). US Naval Institute Press. Evans, David; Peattie, Mark R. (1997).
He also feared that if Germany conquered Europe it would plunge the world into a nightmare. Exactly fourteen months before the attack on Pearl Harbor a Lieutenant Commander recommended that the U.S. provoke Japan into attacking America so that American could enter World War II. Some researchers say Roosevelt knew of the attack on Pearl Harbor before it occurred. These Smith 2 researchers believe that he sent false information to Hawaii about the location of the Japanese fleet. Roosevelt also told the Commanders on base that negotiations between the U.S. and Japan were being discussed and there was not going to be a war (Bachrach).
Japanese Internment The decision to imprison Japanese Americans was a popular one in 1942. It was supported not only by the government, but it was also called for by the press and the people. In the wake of the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, Japan was the enemy. Many Americans believed that people of Japanese Ancestry were potential spies and saboteurs, intent on helping their mother country to win World War II. “The Japanese race is an enemy race,” General John DeWitt, head of the Western Defense Command wrote in February 1942.
Leckie, R. (1995). Okinawa: the last battle of World War II. New York: Viking. Prange, G. W., Goldstein, D. M., & Dillon, K. V. (1988). December 7, 1941: the day the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.
An unavoidable conundrum. To play it safe, or be the enemy? Following the jolting attack on Pearl Harbor, a great deal of Americans believed that the Japanese Americans, also called Nikkei, were untrustworthy and associated with the enemy. Rumors flew that the Nikkei exchanged military information and had obtained secret connections. However, these claims were never brought to light, and to this day simply remain rumors.