Frustrations with Japan December 8, 1941 was a solemn day. The day after Japan dropped the bomb on Pearl Harbor, the people of the United States mourned. If ever there was a time when Americans wanted to enter World War II, it was then. The United Sates had been deceived by the Empire of Japan, with whom they thought they were at peace. Franklin Roosevelt's speech to Congress, asking for permission to declare war on Japan, shows the resentment and despair of the American people.
Soon the embargo began to hurt Japan’s economy. So they decided to push America out of the Pacific. Japanese military leaders warned that a long war with the U.S. would result in a Japanese defeat. Japan believed that a knockout blow must be dealt to the American’s at the very beginning. They decided to launch a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor knowing that by destroying America’s Pacific fleet, the U.S. would not be able to fight back, and they would have to surrender.
“Yesterday, December 7th, 1941- a date which will live in infamy- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan” (1). These are the words Franklin Delano Roosevelt chose to begin his Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation the day after Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japan. FDR’s speech was a call to arms, and in his speech he expressed outrage towards Japan and confidence in inevitable triumph. The speech was a request to declare war against Japan and to bring the United States into World War II. FDR’s speech was successful in bringing the United States into World War II because FDR presented facts explaining why war needed to be declared and used righteous indignation to give the nation a sense of pride and hope by letting them know everything would be done to ensure the nation’s safety.
Roosevelt also told the Commanders on base that negotiations between the U.S. and Japan were being discussed and there was not going to be a war (Bachrach). Isoroku Yamamoto was Japan’s commander in chief. He took part in many changes of the Imperial J... ... middle of paper ... ...at the congress declare a state of war.” The senate approved, but one congressman objected. It was only three days later when Germany and Italy had declared war on the United States of America. The attack on Pearl Harbor left the U.S. with no choice but to join World War II (“Japanese Bombs Pearl Harbor.” Pearl Harbor.).
The Japanese Government responded by stoping the issuing of passports to contract laborers going to America even if the American employers wanted them and promised employment. (Hoyt 37) The American Federation of Labor struggled to pass Anti- Japanese laws. The press had a field day with the headlines causing the country to become racist against the Japanese. The headlines were not only insulting but also untrue. Finally President Roosevelt intervened and put an end to segregation in exchange for the Gentleman’s Agreement, the United States government agreed to ... ... middle of paper ... ...ater released, “ In various aspects the empire is losing materials: that is , we are getting weaker.
The Revisionists and the orthodox views are different opinions on President Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb. The revisionists believed that Truman’s decision was wrong and there could have been alternatives. They say that the Bomb was unnecessary and it was only used as a “diplomatic tool” and to show the power of th... ... middle of paper ... ...n its eastern borders, giving the Japanese troops the opportunity to attack Indochina. Jefferson’s reaction to this invasion was to close down the Panama Canal to Japanese shipping and trading routes. American Military officials also captured secret messages from Japan to Berlin saying that Japan is planning a direct attack on the US unless they change their policy.
Investigation into these elements as well as records of public opinion withheld before and after the attack will determine if ignorance towards and favorable opinions of the Japanese were influenced solely by the government. B: Summary of Evidence On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy led an attack on the United States Naval Base in Pearl Harbor Hawaii. The same day US Attorney General Francis Biddle directed the Federal Bureau of Investigation to arrest any suspected enemy aliens, and by the end of the day 737 Japanese civilians were arrested without trial. On December 8, the United States declared war on Japan and was brought into World War Two. Following the attack a great fear of more attacks by the Japanese swept over United States citizens.
Roosevelt sent the American Pacific Fleet (American Navy) from the west coast to arm Pearl Harbor to tempt Japan. An attack was imminent. When FDR and the government decided to send the warning out to the citizens and armed forces at Pearl Harbor, it was too late. Pearl Harbor had been attacked, thus creating “‘the day that will live in infamy,’” (Roosevelt 2). Franklin Delano Roosevelt is at fault for the bombing at Pearl Harbor.
But in July 1941, Japanese troops occupied the remainder of Indochina. Roosevelt then froze Japanese assets in the United States and instituted an embargo on all trade with Japan, including vital oil shipments that accounted or almost eighty percent of Japanese consumption (Henretta, Edwards, & Self, 2012). So years before war was declared and the first atomic bomb was dropped, America was trying to reason with Japan to stop. We were trying to take the... ... middle of paper ... ... a determined country, even to the point where the mainland was possibly about to be invaded. When President Truman looked at all the factors, what else are you to do with a country that would not stop for anything?
The American government was trying to get an invitation response from the Japanese government. If the United States did not drop the bomb and ‘Operation Downfall’ ha... ... middle of paper ... ...the Japanese people. Harry Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb changed the way Americans thought about war because of the traumatic after effects. Works Cited Clancey Patrick ed. "HyperWar: USSBS: The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki."