The main goal of the attack was to weaken the United States Navy so that Japan could further expand and gain more providers of resources. In order to do this they needed to almost completely take out the Pacific fleet. Japan’s main target was the aircraft carriers. If they destroyed them, they would not have to worry about the United States retaliating for at least a few months. Many of the Japanese military officers thought that this was going to be an easy task.
American Military officials also captured secret messages from Japan to Berlin saying that Japan is planning a direct attack on the US unless they change their policy. However, they didn’t know where and how the attack would occur. The surprise attack turned out to be a launch on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. This angered American to the extent that the US declared war on Japan the next day. Even though the US favored neutrality, the United States was forced to enter war.
United States was not expecting such an event; it was such an unannounced attack on the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. That unexpected attack on December 7, 1941 was originally just a preventive effort for keeping the US from interfering with military action the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia. Japan wanted to cripple the pacific fleet so they wouldn’t foil their plan to create a defense perimeter in the Southwest Pacific. Japanese aircraft launched two aerial attack waves sinking four US Navy battleships and damaging two other battleships. The attacks also led to a high number of deaths.
They agreed with an overwhelming vote for war, and Roosevelt soon addressed America: “Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of Japan.” Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S., and the U.S. declared war on Italy and Germany. Japan thought that their attack on Pearl Harbor would destroy America, but they soon found that they had failed to anticipate three important things: (1) Most of the U.S. aircraft carriers were at sea during the attack, thus escaping the damage. (2) The attack failed to destroy the repair facilities and fuel reserves at Pearl Harbor naval base. (3) The surprise attack united the American people as nothing has before, and the entire nation banded together to face their fears with one goal—to defeat the Axis Powers. The Japanese had not crushed America at all; instead, they had—in the words of a Japanese admiral—“awakened a sleeping giant, and filled him with a terrible resolve.”
The Empire of Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in an attempt to keep the United States from interfering with their future war plans in Southeast Asia against territories owned by the United Kingdom, Netherlands, and United States. The attack on Pearl Harbor wasn’t the only military action taken by the Empire of Japan in December; they also attacked on the US bases in the Philippines and British Empire held bases in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong. These attacks were in response to the failing negotiations between Japan and the United States. Prior to December 8th the United States had placed very restrictive oil and steel embargos against Japan to stop their pursuit of expanding Japan’s territories into Southeast Asia. Negotiations to solve their differences hadn't been going well and rather than give in to U.S. demands, the Japanese decided to launch a surprise attack against the United States.
In the early morning of December 7th, 1941 all that changed when the Japanese air fleet scattered in the Pacific Ocean bombed Pearl Harbor. In September of 1940 Japan entered in alliance with Germany and Italy. The Japanese were in need of natural resources found in Southeast Asian countries newly conquered by Germany. Around the same time in the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to halt German and Japanese expansion but was urged by other government officials to leave the situation as it was. Japan feared America's reaction to their plans to seize Southeast Asia, yet did not let that fear get in their way.
The attack on Pearl Harbor left the U.S. with no choice but to join World War II (“Japanese Bombs Pearl Harbor.” Pearl Harbor.). The attack on Pearl Harbor was very deadly and very destructive. To the untrained Smith 4 eye this attack was a surprise, but to a mastermind like Roosevelt it was not a surprise attack. Researchers believe that he wanted to enter the war for many reasons; therefore, a commander suggested Roosevelt to provoke an attack from Japan. The plan resulted in America winning World War II, but also resulted in the loss of many American citizens.
Admiral Yamamoto wanted to carry on an all out attack on America’s aircraft carriers in the Pacific because they feared these ships were the key success in the Pacific. Admiral Yamamoto believed that the destruction of the American’s aircraft carriers would ensure the security of Japan, so he wanted an attack o... ... middle of paper ... ...launch a major offensive. The Japanese had lost an important battle, but the strategic initiative still remained in their hands until the Battle of Midway. The Battle of the Coral Sea turn out the way it did because a large part of the outcome was due to Japanese complacency and failure of naval intelligence. They underestimated the strength of the forces the Americans had.
The Japanese had launched their planes from a point of 220 miles of Oahu and the impact was catastrophic (Lyons). Needless to say Pearl Harbor was disastrous for Americans but, could have been far more defective. The attack on P... ... middle of paper ... ...suit to be heard and be treated as the humans that they are. By means of screening out disloyal Japanese Americans they were given questionnaires and eventually they were released. They were also ordered not to return to the west coast.
On December 7, 1941, Imperial Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, one of the naval bases of United States. This attack caused the American Pacific fleet to cripple. As stated by Edward T. Sullivan, “the Japanese military knew their country could not match the economic and technological power of the United States, but they gambled that the psychological impact of the Pearl Harbor disaster would leave Americans with no stomach to fight” (Sullivan 8). Pearl Harbor was not the only place to get attacked. Japan had simultaneous invasions a... ... middle of paper ... ...d to be provided.