Doolittle’s Raid happened April 18th, 1942 and on several Japanese cities including Tokyo. It was the first air-raid on Japan in retaliation from Pearl Harbor’s bombing. It consisted of sixteen B-25B Mitchells, and was led by James Doolittle, but known to by comrades as “Jimmy.” The bombers went without escort, and were launched from the USS Hornet. Doolittle’s Raid was rumored to deal a substantial physiological blow to the Japanese while also massively raising the morale of the US troops. The Battle at Coral Sea set the stage for Midway.
Also Before the battle of Midway happened Japan was building a Pacific empire very quickly and nobody could stop them. After Midway everything in America settled down and Japanese expansion stopped. The battle of Midway was an important battle in history because it was a turning point in Pacific Theatre. The main events that led to the battle of Midway are the attack on Pearl Harbor and the Coral Sea battle. Japan decided to attack Pearl Harbor (U.S. naval base), so that the U.S. would not interfere with Japan conquering the Dutch East Indies.
The bombing of Pearl Harbor has always been considered a major Japanese victory. President Roosevelt called December 7, 1941 the “day that will forever live in infamy” because of the destruction following this assault. Japanese forces brutally impaired the American naval fleet stationed at Pearl Harbor and caused unimaginable horror for both the citizens of Hawaii and the United States as a whole. As a result of this attack, the United States entered World War II and four years later, was able achieve victory against the Axis Powers. However, was the bombing of Pearl Harbor truly a Japanese success?
Finally in the war, the Allies were able to dwindle their concerns down to just one nation. As a result, the battle allowed American forces many options to use this advantage and their power to end the war and defeat Germany ("The Importance of the Battle of Midway"). An American victory at this battle led to the eventual winning of the war and military domination over Japan (Greenville, p. 304). Several objectives held by Japan caused them to initiate fighting at the Midway Atoll; both sides used all of their resources to win this battle, resulting in intense fighting from both sides and ultimately an Allied win, and the Battle of Midway had lasting consequences, playing a major role in the rest of WWII.
At Midway America came to realize how lethal and powerful the aircraft could be, given the right coordinates and firepower. The Battle of Midway provides concrete evidence that the aircraft throughout those 4 days in Midway ultimately changed naval warfare forever. The Battle of Midway was originally supposed to be a surprise attack on the United States from Admiral Yamamoto. The Japanese Admiral intended to make diversionary air attacks on the Dutch harbor in the hope of luring American ships in, so that area so they could be attacke... ... middle of paper ... ...Admiral Nimitz departed from his battleships and would trust naval aviation to win the Battle of Midway. Planes would now be launched from the decks of aircraft carriers and traveling large distances to destroy the enemy.
Many islands were taken from the Japanese during the course of World War II, but a few of the most important islands in the Pacific were the Philippines and Iwo Jima. The battle of Leyte Gulf was also a critical point in the Pacific Campaign. The capture of the afore mentioned islands provided the United States Navy with a foothold in the Pacific as well as air bases within bombing range of Japan’s home islands. The first step in procuring air bases with strategic value was obtaining naval and air superiority over the Japanese fleets. This was the reason that made the naval battle at Leyte Gulf the largest naval clash between the United States and Japan during World War II.
“Yesterday, Dec. 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” -Franklin D. Roosevelt. Pearl Harbor was the cataclysmal event that plunged us into World War II. Although the bombing on Pearl Harbor devastated the American Naval force in the Pacific, America pushed on through the struggle and won the war. To further examine the day, there were many factors that created the cause and effects of the attack. TRAINING PARAGRAPH The Empire of Japan attacked the harbor at about 0800.
The war in the Pacific started on December 7, 1941 when the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the United States naval base, Pearl Harbor. The war continued on until V-J Day on September 2, 1945, when the Japanese surrendered. One of the key factors of the Japanese surrender was the dropping of the atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. If the United States did not drop the atomic bomb, the war would have lasted for much longer. The atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki quickened the ending of the war, ultimately saving more lives than if the Japanese mainland was invaded.
Because of this, the Japanese believed that they needed to put an end to the U.S. Navy. Japan then bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 (White 4). This attack did a large amount of damage, but the Japanese did not succeed in what they wanted to do, they wanted to destroy the American aricraft carriers. These aircraft carriers were not being stored in Pearl Harbor at that time. Just days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japan invaded two more significant stations in the Pacific Ocean.
Burbeck’s article provided the Japanese concept of operations on Pearl Harbor. This paper will highlight the key reasons of why the attack on Pearl Harbor was flawed. The Battle of Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 was a turning point of the 20th century in history. The world was changed forever by the attack on Pearl Harbor. In less than two hours, two squadrons of Japanese planes had paralyzed the United States Pacific naval forces.