Through 1958 to the early 1960's Jordan remained on poor terms with Iraq and the United Arab Republic. King Hussein declared a state of emergency as a result of a possible revolt by counter government forces outside the country. Both the United States and Great Britain provided military and financial assistance to help support the king's order. Over time, Jordan's relationship with Syria grew worse and border disputes with Israel grew hostile. In the late 1960's, Jordan's government supported such Palestinian guerrilla movements such as Fatah, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
It was controlled by Arab states, Nasser in Egypt in particular. Yet defeat in the 6-day war in 1967 saw change, with Israel gaining a lot of land, such as Golan Heights, and so it was a great turning point for the Palestinians. After this defeat it became much more important. These events led to the Palestinians rethinking their relationships with the wider Arab world. Fatah fighters alone resisted an attack at Karama in Jordan by Israelis, encouraging more recruits, and the Fatah soon became dominant in the PLO.
They were leaderless and unorganized. Their cause was argued for them by others. The Arab states took the lead in fighting against Israel while the Palestinians played a small role. This situation changed after the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was formed in 1964. Organizations that had formed secretly before the PLO united with the group and strengthened the PLO.
Shortly after the war, a state delegation from Jerusalem arrived in Washington and told the Americans to advise the Arabs that Israel was prepared to give back t... ... middle of paper ... ...any Israelis agreed with the limited objective of destroying the PLO's power in southern Lebanon in order to protect Israel's northern population, they disagreed with the larger, unrealistic goals, they argued, had caused an unnecessarily high number of Israeli and Palestinian civilian casualties in Lebanon. For the first time, Israelis took the streets for anti-war demonstrations. Conclusion Israel had to go through a lot to become their own state. They had to under go wars that went both ways and then ended up with a positive outcome for Israel. In the Six-Day War Israel thought that they had won, until their opponent came back at them.
Israel lost over 800 tanks a... ... middle of paper ... ...itzhak Rabin Prime Minister of Israel and Yasser Arifat head Of the Palestine Liberation Organization signed a peace treaty that Israel gave the Palistine Liberation Organization the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and Israel got peace, but after the treaty was signed there were still many terrorist attacks on Israel and November 4th 1995 Prime Minister Rabin was assassinated by a Israel man who saw that the peace treaty wasn't working and didn't believe in trading land that Israel fought for in many wars for peace that wasn't working. In 1996 Israel signed a peace treaty with Jordan. Israel is currently Trying to make a treaty with Syria but It hasn't happened yet because Syria wants The Golan Hights an Israel dosent wasn't to give it to them. Since 1947 Israel has had war with many Arab countries. They have gained alot of land through war but later gave it away in peace treaties.
Arab businesses refused any Israel firm or firms that had dealings with the Israelis. They stopped tourists whose passports showed that they had been to Israel. Israel was on siege for almost 30 years. Every Israeli was called in to the Armed Forces at one point and a large amount of the nations resources was spent on creating a powerful war machine that could defend their country. This is one of the long-term events that caused the 1993 peace agreement because the Arabs had lost a large amount of land and had been humiliated by the Israelis.
The day before the British mandate was set to expire; the region was invaded by four Arab States starting the yearlong 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Ultimately a cease fire and truce was reached with the establishment of bo... ... middle of paper ... ...ember 14, 2011, from Washington Institute for Peace: http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC05.php?CID=2653 Lockman, Z., & Beinin, J. (1989). Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising Against Israeli Occupation. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.
Then in 1967 Israel shot down six Egyptian military planes, causing the Egyptians to activate their troops. Israel then eliminated the Egyptian Air Force and won what came to be known as the “Six Day War.” In this war Israel seized the city of Jerusalem; this city is of significance to both sides of the conflict, because it’s historically connected with their religious beliefs. They also obtained the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and Golan Heights, which increased their land holdings. In 1973, the “Yom Kippur War” occurred. This war was caused by Egypt crossing the Suez Canal, and Syria, another Arab country attacking from the Golan Heights.
The Middle East Conflict The country previously known as Palestine but now as Israel has sparked major military and political confrontations between Arabs and Israelis during the 20th century in the Middle East. The area, which both groups of people claim is rightly their homeland is smaller then Britain, surrounded on the West by the Mediterranean Sea and on the other sides by neighbouring Arab countries. The Israeli's believe it is rightly their homeland because they originally inhabited it, but the Romans took control of the area in 63Ad. After two rebellions failed, the Jews were expelled from Jerusalem and most travelled into Judea. The Jews were no longer a majority in Palestine.
In 1867, during the six-day war of Syria, Jordan and Egypt, Israel captured the West Bank, Sinai and the Gaza strip. Subsequently, a population of over a million Palestinian Arabs, together with their land was now under Israeli control. (Spencer, p.70) It was during this time that a Palestinian leader emerged, Yasser Arafat. Labeled a terrorist by Israel and the United States, he and his Palestine Liberation Organization called for the eviction of Israel from the occupied territories by force of arms. In 1979, Israel returned Sinai to Egypt by a peace treaty.