The American Revolution found a common ground for the Indians and the American colonist. Both fought long and hard for their freedom. The colonist fought for their independence from the British crown and the Indians fought for their independence from foreign domination, which included the American colonist. From the beginning of this freedom seeking campaign, the Indians were depicted as "enemies of freedom" (Calloway, 2012, p. 223). The Declaration of Independence, penned by American colonist, portrayed the Indians as savages and enemies of liberty.
Because of the the impact of colonial settlers on the Pequots, the tension between the English and their need to control, the events that took place throughout the years that the war had occurred, and the the treaty, which ended the war, The Pequot War happened over a course of 7 years. “The Pequot war was the culmination of numerous conflicts between the colonists and the Indians” (Bitting). There were conflicts over property, livestock damaging Indian crops, hunting, the selling of alcohol to Indians, and dishonest traders (McBride). The Colonists also believed that they had a God given right to settle the New World. “They saw the Indian as savages who needed to be converted to their way of God” (Bitting).
When the Europeans established colonies in the New World, they sought to convert the Indians way of civilization. Their obsession was to spread Christianity and their culture throughout all of the colonies including the Indian villages. Some Indian people accepted these traditions because they felt as if they had no where else to turn. When the settlers invaded the new land they brought with them many diseases which wiped out many Indian villages and tribes. The Indians also had a hard time excepting the invasions on new territories, which led to many wars.
They suffered damages from diseases and injuries the europeans brought. They had to relocate their tribes only to fulfill european demands. As well as to change their belief for the ones the europeans brought with them in order to survive and avoid the risk of extinction. Works Cited Axtell, James. “Native Reactions to the Invasion of North America.” Beyond 1492: Encounters in Colonial North America.
With the French gone, even more colonist trickled into Indian lands. The colonists saw the land as a war prize and were eager to expand their settlements. More forts were consequently built to protect and regulate the frontier. The Native tribes were alarmed with the British domination and saw their land and culture slipping away. This tension amongst the tribes led to a resurgence of Native culture.
With a desire to have a new life different from that of the Old World, many Europeans landed on the shores of the new continent and settled in communities. However, almost all kinds of European colonization faced this archetypal problem – the indigenous people who had occupied the land prior to European colonists. Almost all European colonizers solved the problem with the same solutions – enslavement of the natives, forceful removal in order to gain land, and or the establishment of a hierarchical order where the indigenous were inferior to colonizers. North America was no exception from this model of European colonization. “…Christians venting their rage against them [Native Americans] with so many massacres, so much bloodshed without any just cause…” (de Las Casaa 1552) However, what made the Native Americans different from many other “colonized natives” was that although they were mistreated and belittled, Native Americans have made great political influences that changed the course of American history.
There are many angles needed to be addressed in order to see why this happened. Historians and anthropologists have been trying to go beyond the bias history to uncover what happen. In the book “What Caused the Pueblo Revolt of 1680”, historians try to answer this question, some theories hold more pull then others in terms of what and why. Through reading this anthology I believe the revolt happened for cultural and religious reasons because the Spaniards were threatening the indigenous people’s very way of life through violence, exploitation of land/resources (food), and demoralization of their old ways and practices. Bowden’s idea of why this happened focused mainly on the old misunderstood traditions of the tribes living in Mexico.
Understanding either side’s views of the other can help one to understand what lead up to this revolt. When the Spanish came to North America, they set out to build missions deep in what is now the South-West United States in order... ... middle of paper ... ...other European powers were either unable to do or unwilling to risk. This was not the last religious revitalization attempted by Native Americans in North America against white settlers. In fact, the Story of Pope and the Pueblo in many ways mirrors the story of Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa of the Shawnee, and their attempts to unite the local tribes against colonists encroaching on their land through religious revitalization. The actions of the Spanish during this time gave rise to the black legend, which some British pointed to as a motive for their colonization of the Americas in order to save the Indians, which was exactly what Spain felt they were doing.
Knowing that political power was in their hands, they stood up against the British government stating that they were an independent country. Additionally, as the British government continued to try to interfere with American government, many colonists began to want a new government that was based on Enlightenment principles instead. This led to the American Revolution because the colonists with their gained knowledge of the world and society yearned for a government that guaranteed everyone natural rights under the law.
After hundreds of years of salutary neglect, by enforcing the laws of Mercantilism on the colonies, Britain backed the colonists into a corner where they had no choice but to fight for their rights. After the French and Indian War, Britain committed many “missteps” regarding their control in the colonies. Even though the colonists were determined to be treated fairly by Britain, they were forced into rebelling because of Britain’s harsh policies towards the colonies including taxation, troop placement, and Mercantilism.