Mankiw and Swagel (2006) argue outsourcing is not as large a phenomenon as the media describes. Their research indicates outsourcing accounts for very little of job loss in the United States, nor has it made a distinct contribution to the slow rebound of the labor market. They go on to propose that increased overseas employment has actually contributed to higher employment in parent United States companies. They reported that while 30,000 jobs were lost per month in 2004, two million job changes per month were happening as well. They reference the Bureau of Labor Statistics when they report that in 2015 there are expected to be 3.4 million jobs outsourced, but 160 million jobs gained here in the United States. They also claim that there is a rise in net US income by 12-14 cents per dollar of outso...
Since the concept of outsourcing was introduced it has been a subject of debate between politicians and citizens of the United States. Remarkably, it was the United States who supported outsourcing and now it is the United States that feels its economic progress is being threatened by outsourcing. One may argue that the financial situations that existed two decades earlier are not the same as they are today, thus the change of time, business priorities of economies have also changed.
Outsourcing has been big political issue as highly educated and highly paid IT workers lose their jobs. In this competitive environment, companies have to concentrate on competency and they want to outsource everything to reduce cost so the trend toward offshore outsourcing is increasing. Outsourcing threatens that in future US will not have many technology people. As all the technical work will be ...
With the United States’ economy in a depression and our unemployment rate skyrocketing to record highs, job-outsourcing has moved to the top of the list of controversial issues. Froma Harrop’s essay New Threat to Skilled U.S. Workers and Thomas Friedman’s essay 30 Little Turtles discuss two different viewpoints of job-outsourcing, and their effects on society. Does our government really want to cut back on job-outsourcing, and what can society do to help the issue? Friedman’s standpoint on job-outsourcing shows how it is emotionally beneficial to other countries and Harrop’s factual standpoint shows job-outsourcing regulation, however, I feel that our citizens are unaware of the opportunities and our government is eager to send the jobs overseas.
Outsourcing is a complicated and a multifaceted subject that involves a “business[’s] purchase of parts or labor from another company rather than maintaining a sufficient enough number of its own employees to do the same work in the country where the company is already based” ("Outsourcing"). The first practice of outsourcing was in medieval times when “nation-states called in soldiers-for-hire to help their own military forces during ongoing conflicts” ("Outsourcing"). Many think of outsourcing as a one way trade of production facilities moving outside of a companies locale but in actuality it is a two way trade that also involves companies from other areas moving their factories to local areas where conditions are beneficial for the specific business. Outsourcing has evolved but the main idea has remained the same. The recent increase in outsourcing “was initiated by Wall Street pressures on corporations . . . . for increased profits . . . in the production of goods and services marketed in the U.S."(Roberts).
The purview of this paper is designed to encompass the outsourcing of jobs in the manufacturing sector of the United States' economy. Beneficial and disadvantageous elements of globalization will be exposed within the respective boundaries inclusive to the outsourcing of U.S. industry jobs.
One in every nine American jobs is vulnerable to becoming outsourced. That adds up to over 14 million jobs in total.(Hira 2). The guarantee of protection from the approaching economic turmoil is not certain. According to the Merriam-Webster, outsourcing may be described as obtaining goods or services from an outside or foreign supplier. The origins of outsourcing can be traced far back as the first Industrial Revolution, when business moguls began to seek out new methods of increasing revenue while minimizing expenditures. By the same token, the business tycoons of the twentieth century continue to practice the same ideals of increasing profit per capita. Moreover, these techniques have evolved to evoke the epitome of the outsourcing vitiating today’s American economy. Although outsourcing may be viewed as a tactful business strategy by some entrepreneurs, outsourcing has underhandedly elicited an irreversible harm on today's economy by causing escalating unemployment rates, as a result of allowing avaricious corporations to take advantage of underpaid foreign labor, which has promoted globalization.
There are many benefits to outsourcing, many reasons that company has to outsource some of its business. According to Robin Gareiss, “The No. 1 reason companies turn to outsourcers is to save money--64% say that’s the main goal of their outsourcing contracts” (3). Companies are able to save money because they outsource to another country, and the third party that is in the outsourcing contract, runs the business in that country and is able to pay wages in accordance with that country’s laws, which for the most part there are none. The business usually outsources to a developing nation, and as a result can pay much, much lower wages than if it were to stay within the US. This cost-saving idea has become a much strong reason for outsourcing since the economy has been in a recession, a...
Not all outsourcing involves foreign workers or foreign countries. Many people today work as independent contractors providing services to businesses. Outsourcing is a growing popular trend that is not likely to slow down in the near future. No longer are the days when an employee works for ...
Outsourcing is affecting the U.S. economy greatly. Outsourcing is taking away jobs from the American people causing a rise in the unemployment rates. Not only is outsourcing taking away jobs, but it is making it harder to find new jobs. Outsourcing is where an American company will send certain jobs or duties to be done in another country. Outsourcing is also the transfer of the management, and also the day by day execution of an entire business function to an external service provider. It is a company’s practice of paying an employee in a small developing country to perform a function or produce a product that could be made by the paying company. Business jobs that are typically outsourced include information technology, human resources, facilities and real estate management, accounting, Customer support and call center functions, like telemarketing, customer services, market research, manufacturing and engineering. Outsourcing has become one of the fastest growing trends in the business world. There are many reasons that a company would elect to use outsourcing. Among them is the fact that it provides an almost immediate opportunity for savings as well as a noted improvement in quality. The main reason why American companies are doing this is to save money. It’s cheaper to have someone form a developing country do the job because a dollar goes a lot further than in the states.
This paper provides rhetorical analyses of two presentations pertaining to outsourcing. Neither particularly opposes outsourcing, yet each provides information addressing two different outsourcing concerns. Kibbe’s 2004 article “Outsourcing: the good, the bad and the inevitable” focuses on United States (U.S.) job impact. Van Heerden’s 2010 speech “Making Global Labor Fair” focuses on human rights impact.
The significant level of outsourcing programs used across all business sectors is well documented in the literature (Bender 1999; Quinn 2000; Dun and Bradstreet 2000; Klaas, McClendon and Gainey 2001). Past research has progressed along several paths. First, some researchers have focused on motivations and reasons for outsourcing activities (Conner and Prahalad 1996; Greer et al. 1999; Sinderman 1995; Mullin 1996; Grant 1996; Frayer Scannell and Thomas 2000). According to this perspective, the global imperative for outsourcing accelerates as firms evolve from sellers of products and services abroad to setting up operations in foreign countries and staffing those operations with host countries or third party nationals (Greer et al. 1999). Most corporations believe that in order to compete globally, they have to look at efficiency and cost containment rather than relying strictly on revenue increases (Conner and Prahalad 1996). As companies seek to enhance their competitive positions in an increasingly global marketplace, they are discovering that they can cut costs and maintain quality by relying more on outside service providers for activities viewed as supplementary to their core businesses (Mullin 1996; Grant 1996).
Offshoring, the practice of basing some of a company 's processes or services overseas has its advantages as well as its disadvantages, as most business decisions do. It is the weighing of those two leverages that make the debate of offshoring such a conflict. For starters, offshoring allows companies to stream their productions globally. With this, companies can practice their supplier power and then begin to lower cost of goods to increase the demand, due to the lower rate in which they could produce overseas. This investment also acquires new customers and even puts the companies into new market opportunities. On the other hand, however it creates the issue that may damage the company’s image.
Outsourcing has been around for many years. In this paper I will discuss some of the history of outsourcing, the goods things about outsourcing, and the bad things about outsourcing.