Operation Desert Storm

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Operation Desert Storm

Operation: Desert Storm began on January 15th in 1991. It began when 19 hours after the midnight deadline of January 15 had passed aircraft from the American, British, Saudi, and Kuwaiti air forces thousands of tons of bombs on military targets throughout Iraq. Saddam Hussein had not heeded the coalition’s threats and would pay dearly.(Pike)

In the years prior to 1990, Iraq and Iran had fought in an 8-year war that had put an extreme financial strain on Iraq. The war began on September 22, 1980, when Iraqi troops launched a full-scale invasion of Iran. Iraq had hoped for a lightning victory against its neighbor that was in the midst of revolutionary outburst. This, however, was a terrible miscalculation. He did not realize that Iran would so violently oppose the attacks of his army. Saddam insisted upon commanding his forces personally. This was a mistake because his troops would be left for periods of time with no orders; they had to wait for his orders. Another major mistake he made was the transferring of high-ranking officials periodically in fear of them gaining popularity. Saddam was afraid that any one general would gain so much popularity that they would henceforth propose a formidable opponent to his power.(Infoplease)

Iran was three times the size and had a larger population. Iran also began viewing the war as a holy war, causing them to fight to the death. Everyone in Iran believed this to be true, the priests even told the soldiers that this war was for a holy cause. This gave the soldiers the idea that they would be going straight to heaven by becoming a “martyr for the glorious Islamic cause” (Manchester). In glory, Iranians would approach any kind of Iraqi military force poorly armed...

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...’s and the coalition was altogether too powerful.

ON February 28th, Saddam Hussein agreed to the United Nations cease-fire. His troops were absolutely devastated and the Persian Gulf War was over. The results show just how clear a victory it was. There were 149 killed and 513 wounded for the coalition, while it estimated there were about 150,000 Iraqi’s killed (Friedman).

The UN and US both wanted Iraq to leave Kuwait but realized that Iraq would not budge unless they were forced out. Neither side wished to back down diplomatically or militarily and with no other useful options available, war was the only way to go for U.S. and her allies. The Allied forces defeated Iraq fairly easily with a combination of air, sea, and ground forces. There were various attempts to end the conflict peacefully, but Iraq left no other choice but to unleash Operation Desert Storm.

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