In both wars the international community had to justify the invasion of Iraq and devise solutions to get Iraq to comply with the international community. Iraq’s justification for its 1991 invasion of Kuwait was that Kuwait had been slant drilling or siphoning crude oil from Ar—Rumaylah oil field which was located on the border between Iraq and Kuwait. Another justification was also that Kuwait was an Iraqi province and they were only reuniting Kuwait with Iraq. The Iraq—Iran war, the Iraqi government never fully recovered. Iraq looked at different avenues to increase revenue and recover its economy from the previous war.
“The ottoman empire was defeated during world war 1 and the British made their “own lines in the sand”, dividing up the land according to their own strategic needs and in the process recklessly dividing up ancient communities and boundaries that had been recognized for decades.” (World Book, vol. 10, p.354). “Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein uses border disputes and rows over oil production rates as an excuse to send troops across the border of neighboring Kuwait. The United Nations Security Council condemns the invasion of the sovereign country, but Hussein refuses to back down (Klaus Dahmann, The First Iraq War (1990-1991)).” “Saddam Hussein claimed the Iraqi invasion was in support of a planned uprising against the Emir, but murders and abuses of Kuwaitis who resisted the occupation were common. (BBC, Kuwait Invasion 2 August 1990).” Another reason is that Saddam had actually did a surprised attack proved by Kennedy Hickman, The main reason Saddam Hussein felt justified in invading Kuwait was because Kuwait’s effects on oil prices were impacting the economy of his country.
16 Apr. 2014. Rosenthal, Andrew. "U.S. And Allies Open Air War on Iraq; Bomb Baghdad and Kuwaiti Targets; "No Choice But Force Bush Declares." New York Times17 Jan. 1991: n. pag.
J.A Bookbinders Inc. Grant, R. (2011, January). Desert Storm. Retrieved from Air Force Magazine: Online Journal of the Air Force Association: http://www.airforcemag.com/magazinearchive/pages/2011/january%202011/0111storm.aspx History.com Staff. (2009). Persian Gulf War.
(2003, March 20). CNN.com. Retrieved February 18, 2010, from http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/03/19/sprj.irq.main/ UN Headquarters Bombing, Baghdad, Iraq. (n.d.). GlobalSecurity.org - Reliable Security Information.
Mar. 5, 2003: 4pp. Lexis Nexis. Susquehanna University, Selinsgrove, PA. March 29, 2003. http://web.lexis-nexis.com Keefe, Bob. “War In The Gulf: Scene in Iraq: The Environment.” Cox Washington Bureau.
In addition, Saddam Hussein was claiming that Kuwait was Iraqi territory because it was part of the Ottoman Empire’s province of Basra. This dispute was one of Saddam Hussein’s reasons to initiate the Kuwait invasion. There were several talks between Iraq, Kuwait and several other countries to try to come to an agreement, but all attempts to resolve the issue were unsuccessful and on August 2 1990, Saddam Hussein ordered the Kuwaiti invasion. Iraq’s invasion to Kuwait began by bombarding Kuwait city, which is Kuwait’s capital and activating th... ... middle of paper ... ...rsies were always surrounding between Iraq and The United States of America, which in turn created another conflict after around 12 years later. This war’s name is “Operation Iraqi Freedom”.
These areas spread from north to south. Iraq's strategic plan was to protect its northern oil fields; cut a vital road to Tehran; cut communication between northern and southern Iran; to take over strategic oil fields in the Arabian Peninsula (Hiro, 1989). Iraqi forces moved qui... ... middle of paper ... ...ted Iraq pressured him to accept a cease-fire. After eight years of fighting and millions of casualties the borders remained unchanged. Works Cited Hardy, R. (2001, Sept 22).
Lieutenant General James Conway, Commander of the First Expeditionary Force (MEF), was ordered to withdrawal his Marines from Fallujah and leave the city to the insurgents1. Throughout Iraq and the Muslim world, this was perceived as a major victory for the insurgents. This victory inspired other Muslims to join the cause, and they soon flocked to Fallujah increasing their presence in the city. In the months following April 2004, leading up to Battle of Fallujah 2, otherwise known as Operation Phantom Fury/ Al Fajr (New Dawn), the insurgent numbers were increasing by the hundreds. This battle is one for the history books, it is said to be one of the bloodiest and most talked about in OIF.
OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM Introduction On March 20, 2003, the combined military forces of the United States and Britain crossed the southern border of Iraq and Kuwait with the intent of capitulating the government of Saddam Hussein. Over the course of 21 days, the joint task force moved quickly and decisively to seize major objective cities along the road to Baghdad using aviation, armor, artillery, and infantry. Following the overwhelming success of the primary combat operations of the invasion, stability and support systems proved insufficient as sectarian violence and other criminal activity among the local population of Iraq increased. History In ancient times, Iraq was known by the Greek term Mesopotamia, or the land between two rivers. These two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, formed what was known as the “Fertile Crescent.” The vast stretch of low level land retained rain and flood water, making the soil exceptional for farming, thus it is said to be the cradle of civilization.