In September 1980, Iraq invaded Iran because of a territorial dispute. This led to a long drawn out war that cost many lives and billions of dollars in damages, with either side unable to claim victory. This paper will focus on the three things that distinguish this war from previous wars. First, it was an excessively protracted and attritive war, lasting eight years, essentially destabilizing the region and devastating both countries. Second, it was a disproportionate war in regards to the means employed by either side.
In addition, many in the Middle East seem to believe that if Hussein is deposed the country will break into pieces, leading to more problems in the already troubled region. Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) Gulf War I The Iran-Iraq War permanently altered the course of Iraqi history. It strained Iraqi political and social life, and led to severe economic dislocations. Viewed from a historical perspective, the outbreak of hostilities in 1980 was, in part, just another phase of the ancient Persian-Arab conflict that had been fueled by twentieth-century border disputes. Many observers, however, believe that Saddam Hussein's decision to invade Iran was a personal miscalculation based on ambition and a sense of vulnerability.
What triggered the Iraq War that we are currently still having? During this time in history we were still in the cold war as well Cold War (1945–1991), a lot of events has happened during this time period. I am going to start with the Iran-Iraq war which started in 1980 and ended in 1988. The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, launching a simultaneous invasion by air and land into Iranian territory on 22 September 1980 following a long history of border disputes, and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq's long-suppressed Shia majority influenced by the Iranian Revolution. (Wikipedia, Iran–Iraq War, 2011).
These effects are devastating for every country that was involved in this conflict. History.com states, “Saddam Hussein delivered a speech in which he accused neighboring nation Kuwait of siphoning crude oil from the Ar-Rumaylah oil fields located along their common border” (History.com). Local nations tried to intervene with this starting conflict, but the war was inevitable. Hussein commanded his troops, which he had posted all along the Iraq/Kuwait border, to invade. This invasion started a conflict that would last many years and claim many lives.
This led to a costly, eight-year war whose effects still have bearing on Iran’s current political and economic situation (BBC, Iran Profile, 2013). Iran’s aspirations for becoming the hegemonic power in the Arab World dominates its political, social, and economic policies while it continues to attempt to expand its area of influence. Current Events: There are several recent events that have had a noticeable impact on Iran and its relations with the rest of the world. One of the most noteworthy is the end of Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad’s term in office. Ahmadinejad is an Iranian hard-liner who strongly opposed western influence and culture.
The war has negatively affected us by causing a region that was previously relatively stable to explode into chaos and harbor new grudges against us. This seriously damages our ability to gain economic trade with Muslim countries and the Middle East. The Iraq War was a war that should never have been started. On September 11, 2001, America was attacked by the terrorist group Al Qaeda, this ultimately led to the Iraq War. This attack was perpetrated under the command of Osama Bin Laden, who was stationed in Afghanistan at the time.
The war in Iraq brought about many divisions within the United States and within the world itself. It took in place in the very volatile Middle East between many political factions from around the globe. The Iraq war was a war that lasted from March 20, 2003- December 15, 2011. The Iraq war occurred because the U.S. thought that Saddam Hussein was connected to al-Qaeda, the group responsible for the 9/11 attack. The U.S. also believed they were hiding WMDs or weapons of mass destruction.
Iraqi forces then gathered their forces on the border with Saudi Arabia, the second largest supplier of oil in the world. This in turn brought the military might of the United States into the conflict. There are several reasons why Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait. "After the 8 year war with Iran over territorial disputes and religious rivalries between the Iranian Shiites and Iraqi Sunni factions, Iraq had a massive debt to many Arab nations including Kuwait. "2 The rulers of these nations wanted some of their money back but Iraq thought they were ingrates and were ungrateful for defending the Arab emirs from the Iranian Islamic fundamentalism.
Within many countries in the Middle East there exist terrorist organizations that resent the Unite States so much that they constantly plot ways to get back at us. 9/11 is of course an outcome of this mentality. Events: 1.Iraq invades Kuwait 1990 - Iraq invades Kuwait, prompting what becomes known as the first Gulf War. A massive United States-led military campaign forces Iraq to withdraw in February 1991. However, the invasion stopped short of removing Saddam Hussein from power.
An important part of these causes to World War II, as well as the war itself, is that the nation was able to figure out what could not work. There are times when people simply cannot be trusted, and even a treaty that seems to be important can still be gone against. Also, while it would be nice to settle disputes peacefully, that is not always an option that will work. As the textbook states, the world was at a point where they were “juggling between war and peace” (AFR 181). One of the best things that came from the war is that the nation learned these things and in turn has gone on to find new tactics to deal with conflict in the world.