As a result of World War I and the Industrial Revolution there were better job opportunities for African Americans as well. At the end of the American Civil War in 1865 many free African Americans searched for a place with education and employment opportunities. They ended up finding this place in Harlem, New York. This was where the first black middle class was created. In the early 1900’s the African American middle class began to publicize for racial equality.
This movement included poetry and writing, which forever changed the African-American lifestyle into a unique and more educated culture. As the African American culture expanded their horizon, and viewed passed the obstacles and barriers that were set by other ethnic groups, many families migrated to the northern cities, including New York City. Harlem was a magical, transforming place then, and that was especially true for the forsaken civilians who went to New York in search of a greater opportunity. Many believe, the Harlem Renaissance truly began, when W.E.B. Dubois, editor of "The Crisis magazine" published "The Souls of Black Folks".
The Black Arts Movement proved to be a very pivotal, and much needed moment in African-American literature to disrupt a past tradition of humble, prim, “decorous ambassadors” African-American novelist have been categorized as (Wright 1403). During the movement a shift occurred in the perspectives and understanding of African-American novelists and poets. The conscience of the those in literature seemed to have been awakened as they became aware of their social responsibility and influence in the African-American community. The range of the views held by those of the Black Arts Movement varied significantly from the social function of African-American art to a more narrow perspective of what it means to be a black individual and or writer. A great deal of the work created at this time was very opinionated and designed to empower and uplift African-Americans.
Participation in fine arts mostly helped literary writers during the Harlem Renaissance to express music and life experiences through their writing. Black musicians also helped in the expansion of the black cultural explosion in America. Famed artists such as Duke Ellington and Charlie Parker help lead new innovative ideas in creating music that helped blacks center on more positive things rather than focusing on being oppressed by whites. Before blacks migrated to other states there were push and ... ... middle of paper ... ...ted African Americans, set them back, and suppressed them from speaking out against hate crimes, which contrasted with the ideas of the SNCC, CORE, NAACP, and MIA non-violent organizations. Consequences were often taking out against blacks for their violent activist groups.
This essay will examine what was new about the new negro from 1920-1936. During the years 1920-1936 African Americans began to rebrand themselves and change their image. African Americans wanted to create an image of themselves that was more positive, educated, and cultured, with an emphasis on African culture, hence began the Harlem Renaissance and the New Negro movement. The Harlem Renaissance was a new focus on African American literature, paintings, artwork, and music through the lens of African American experience. Marcus Garvey was one of the early political leaders of the Harlem Renaissance movement.
As African Americans migrated north, they developed their own culture in Harlem, New York. As African Americans settled in Harlem, their American Dream transformed from an idea of freedom into a dream where they could remember their history as a race and achieve racial equality in their careers, education, and entertainment. The first advancement in the free Negro history was when they were released from slavery’s grasp through the Civil War and Emancipation Proclamation. While the Civil War was not only about the questioned ethics of harboring slaves, it was one of the driving forces that fueled the war, and led to many people giving their lives to either protect or condemn slavery. About 620,000 people lost their lives fighting for freedom in the Civil War, which is equivalent to the city of Baltimore, Maryland's entire population (Civil War Facts).
She used her good and bad past experiences as influences for her works. The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement of blacks that helped changed their identity. Creative expression flourished because it was the only chance blacks had to express themselves in any way and be taken seriously. World War I and the need for workers up North were a few pull factors for the migration and eventually the Renaissance. A push was the growing discrimination and danger blacks were being faced with in the southern cities.
For the first time, America was willing to pay attention to black culture and its new style and ideas. A search for jobs in the wake of World War I prompted a mass migration by African-Americans away from the rural south to the northern cities, and allowed for a greater African-American self-awareness. The result was an explosion of literature, music, art, and politics from New York City, concentrated in the predominantly African-American neighborhood of Harlem. (Northern Kentucky University) Gains in education and standards of living during the Post-Civil War era provided the intellectual base needed for the emergence of African-American literature. (Britannica Concise) Poets and writers, most notably Claude McKay, James Weldon Johnson, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Jean Toomer, and Jessie Fauset, drove the new literary movement.
The Harlem Renaissance created two goals. “The first was that black authors tried to point out the injustices of racism in American life. The second was to promote a more unified and positive culture among African Americans"(Charles Scribner 's Sons). The Harlem Renaissance is a period
The Black Lives Matter movement relates to the Harlem Renaissance because both these movements have/had a goal of changing the way people view African Americans so that they could be treated equally. Another way The Harlem Renaissance can be seen in modern art and culture is for example the actor and rapper Jo-Vaughn Virginie Scott and his song “Land of the free”. In his song, he states “..I feel my ancestors arrested inside of me It's like they want me to shoot my chance and change society But how do I go about it? Tell me where I start?..” (“Land of the Free”, Scott). In other words he talks about the legacy of his ancestors living inside him and contemplating on how to change society.