The Harlem Renaissance, originally known as “the New Negro Movement”, was a cultural, social, and artistic movement during the 1920’s that took place in Harlem. This movement occurred after the World War I and drew in many African Americans who wanted to escape from the South to the North where they could freely express their artistic abilities. This movement was known as The Great Migration. During the 1920’s, many black writers, singers, musicians, artists, and poets gained success including Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, and W.E.B. Du Bois.
The work contributed during the renaissance helped future African American artist in the future. Many historians contribute the Harlem Renaissance to the beginning of the civil rights movement. With the Civil War ending, African Americans were greatly displaced. The feeling of displacement came about for the African Americans because they were now legally free citizens, but they were still trapped in a country and culture that was none accepting of African Americans. After trying to find there place among the rest of America, the African Americans began a movement that has become known as "The Great Migration."
They experienced de facto segregation as oppose to the de jure segregation they’re fellow black people faced in the south; though the treatment in the north was better there were still race riots and much racial tension. The Harlem Renaissance was explosive. It brought much attention to the reality black people faced on a daily basis. The renaissance shed light on how harsh life was for the African American and the traumatic feelings that they suffered. Without the Harlem Renaissance the struggles of the black American during the times of racial tensions may not have been thrust out into the light and shown as broadly as it was.
Harlem Renaissance During the 1920's, the spiritual, social, and literary eagerness that raced through Harlem could be called the most important period of self-discovery in African-American history after the Civil War. Black literature went through a tremendous outbreak in Harlem, which is a district of New York City. In the middle of the changing atmosphere, a small group of black men and women began a public relations campaign to promote what they called the "New Negro" movement. While these men and women promoted art and literature, they were credited with starting much more than just and intellectual movement. This movement included poetry and writing, which forever changed the African-American lifestyle into a unique and more educated culture.
Consequences were often taking out against blacks for their violent activist groups. Blacks were not granted the opportunity to have a good job due to whites were scared that blacks would retaliate if demands were not met. Blacks were furious, but some can say that it was caused upon themselves or that it was in effect due to the uprising of retaliations against white supremacy. Though there were not many rewards granted to blacks in the fight for equality during the Great Migration, but looking back at Anne Moody’s book and history, I can truly say that blacks defined an identity and established a culture within their communities in the northern and southern parts of America.
With racism still rampant leaving economic opportunities, scarce, creative expression was available to African Americans in the early 20th century. During the Harlem renaissance, they were the great migration. It was the end of the American Civil war, in 1965 was in increased opportunity for African Americans in education and employment. This made the first black middle class in America. In 1866, racial equality delivered a crushing blow when Plessy v. Ferguson declared racial segregation acceptable.
“The Civil Rights Movement is important for the rapid advancement of blacks that gained during a relatively short period of time, but also significant are the lasting changes it affected in American political processes, legal theories and government policies.” (Winter, 12) The Civil Rights Movement of 1950’s and 1960’s has been one of the most critical periods in the U.S. by intensive protest. (The Civil Rights Movement) Racism had always been present, but not until the early 1900’s where the African Americans got tired of being treated differently. They decided to do something in order to change this. African Americans began protesting, provoke segregationists, demand federal government to enforce the civil rights, and did many dangerous things to get noticed. Many of these actions risked themselves and could have ended up losing their freedom (Winter,12) The birth of the Civil Rights Movement started by the courage of many unfreedom people.
The Harlem renaissance had a major effect on African American history. When African American migrated to Harlem New York started to fulfill their dreams. African Americans were very clear that they wanted their dreams to be heard, especially women who were strongly discriminated. They were strongly subjected to racisms by Americans. They even try to look elegant but to no luck.
Now, that blacks are started to get approved for whites it's upsetting them that they can no longer control African Americans, nor make them feel pain and surfer anymore. All in all, Maya Angelou's poems have became more inspirational as there years went on and the African Americans got the rights they deserved. She used imagery and a lot of emotions through her poems, as if you could feel the pain they had went through. Her poems had plenty of hope in them. She was hoping for the best during the Civil Rights Movement.
Many authors today were inspired by those of the Harlem Renaissance. It was a great time for the African- American community, but at the same time it caused fighting between the middle class and poorer blacks. The feeling of inequality still existed, but at least African-Americans were finally getting some recognition for some of the wonderful accomplishments that they have made. Works Cited Haskins, Jim. The Harlem Renaissance.