(The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica) Once African Americans began moving north their demographics in certain areas became much more dense. During the Great Migration over 6 million African Americans migrated to northern cities like Chicago. New York's African American population rose by 40 percent. (NPR) African Americans migrated in search of opportunity due to the laborer shortage that WWI caused. These newly founded "clusters" of African Americans allowed them to congregate and eventually begin the Harlem Renaissance.
The draft also helped to cripple the labor supply of the North. The fact that the North was primarily industry based, caused many jobs to become vacant, and created an extremely high demand for an immediate labor force. Large numbers of African Americans migrated from the South to the North in response to the need for a steady labor force, and in hopes of finding economic growth. As World War I ended, many more African Americans migrated from the south to the north due to an overwhelmingly large amount racial tension in the aftermath of the war. This great migration of African Americans, from the south to the north led to black settlements in some of the larger northern industrial cities, such as Washington D.C., Philadelphia, and New York.
The Harlem Renaissance emerged amid social and intellectual upheaval in the African American community in the early 20th century. Several factors laid the groundwork for the movement. A black middle class had developed by the turn of the century, fostered by increased education and employment opportunities following the American Civil War (1861-1865). During the Great Migration, hundreds of thousands of black Americans moved from an economically depressed rural South to industrial cities of the North to take advantage of the employment opportunities created by World War I. As more and more educated and socially conscious blacks settled in New York's neighborhood of Harlem, it developed into the political and cultural center of black America.
The Harlem Renaissance brought about many great changes. It was a time for expressing the African-American culture. Many famous people began their writing or gained their recognition during this time. The Harlem Renaissance took place during the 1920’s and 1930’s. Many things came about during the Harlem Renaissance; things such as jazz and blues, poetry, dance, and musical theater.
With racism still rampant leaving economic opportunities, scarce, creative expression was available to African Americans in the early 20th century. During the Harlem renaissance, they were the great migration. It was the end of the American Civil war, in 1965 was in increased opportunity for African Americans in education and employment. This made the first black middle class in America. In 1866, racial equality delivered a crushing blow when Plessy v. Ferguson declared racial segregation acceptable.
African Americans struggled for years, and they finally made a comeback in the 1920’s. The African Americans during this time period had a huge influence on the American society. The Great Migration had a great impact on African Americans moving to the north to find work, in the industrialized areas. The Harlem Renaissance era showed how blacks had an influence on American literature, music, and arts. The Jazz Age was another great event that occurred during this time period.
During the early 1900s, African-Americans faced many struggles in the south. Due to these struggles, over 6 million Southern African-Americans moved to northern cities such as Harlem and Manhattan, between 1915 and 1970. This move is known as the Great Migration (Wilkerson). During this time, African-Americans began sharing newfound styles of art, music and literature (Liccone 3). This renaissance, the Harlem Renaissance, was influenced by the Great Migration because once the African-Americans moved north, they found interest in all kinds of art and freedom to share it.
In addition to violence, the legal system in south was intentionally antagonistic toward African Americans. The Jim Crow laws in the south were designed to keep African Americans oppressed. During the 1920, The Harlem Renaiss... ... middle of paper ... ...ke art or music. The depression directly affected the Renaissance by forcing the major members to shift focus from arts, music and literature, to keeping the organizations financially stable. The Harlem Renaissance was one of the most culturally important reformations in America.
The Harlem Renaissance In Harlem between the 1920’s and 1930’s the African American culture flourished, especially in areas such as music, art, literature, dance, and even in film. This soon became known as the Harlem Renaissance. With the entire positive and the negative situations of this time period the African Americans still seemed to have it all. The Harlem Renaissance came about because of the changes that had taken place in the African American community after the abolition of slavery because of World War I and the social and cultural changes in early 20th century in the United States. After harsh conditions for African Americans after the Plessy vs. Ferguson Trial many of them decided to move to the North to New York.
During the Great Migration, an influx of African Americans fled to Northern cities from the South wishing to flee oppression and the harshness of life as sharecroppers. They brought about a new, black social and cultural identity- a period that later became known as the Harlem Renaissance. Originally the Harlem Renaissance was referred to as the “New Negro Movement” (Reader’s Companion.) It made a huge impact on urban life. The Harlem Renaissance played a major role in African American art, music, poetic writing styles, culture and society.