Harlem Renaissance During the 1920's, the spiritual, social, and literary eagerness that raced through Harlem could be called the most important period of self-discovery in African-American history after the Civil War. Black literature went through a tremendous outbreak in Harlem, which is a district of New York City. In the middle of the changing atmosphere, a small group of black men and women began a public relations campaign to promote what they called the "New Negro" movement. While these men and women promoted art and literature, they were credited with starting much more than just and intellectual movement. This movement included poetry and writing, which forever changed the African-American lifestyle into a unique and more educated culture.
The front-runners of this revival were extremely focused on cultural growth through means of intellect, literature, art and music. By using these means of growth, they hoped to destroy the pervading racism and stereotypes suffocating the African American society and yearned for racial and social integration. Many black writers spoke out during this span of time with books proving their natural humanity and desire for equality. In 1923 Jean Toomer’s Cane was published by the Boni and Liveright publishing company and received favorable reviews. The book was released during the heart of the Harlem Renaissance and promoted the encouragement and interest in African American culture.
Under the Harlem Renaissance, African American culture flourished. Due to the Great Migration, Harlem became one of the nation’s largest and most influential African-American communities (Brinkley 656). A place so densely packed with people of the same ethnic group who all came out of similar circumstances is practically certain to bring forth some kind of culture. It was in Harlem that the seeds were planted. There, they brought African culture into America through their literature, poetry, and art.
He describes the Negro to be in vogue because he felt that the African-American people were flourishing in Harlem and that everyone was aware. Langston Hughes was one of the most important writers during the Harlem renaissance. “[O]f all the artists who shaped literary modernism [he] was one of the most prolific and the most important” (Bryant, Shields 248). His influences of writing poems and novels would have been out of Carl Sandburg and Walt Whitman, mainly because they wrote in vernacular ordinary language. This is what Hughes wanted out of his writings, in the hope to appeal in a larger Audience (Crash Course) His literary works spoke to the public about their suffering and the true Negro experience.
There was an explosion of culture in Harlem the great migration helps get cultural renewal for the people in New York City. When African Americans relocated, they seek jobs and an overall better way of life. Critics however questioned whether the Harlem Renaissance really met its goals for giving blacks a new identity. Due to literary roots, black owned magazines and newspapers flourished freeing African Americans. It was a good time for a cultural celebration; African Americans had faced slavery and oppression.
The Harlem Renaissance created two goals. “The first was that black authors tried to point out the injustices of racism in American life. The second was to promote a more unified and positive culture among African Americans"(Charles Scribner 's Sons). The Harlem Renaissance is a period
This shows Alain LeRoy Locke had an impact on the Harlem Renaissance because his book helped develop the movement of spreading black pride and culture to various groups of people and it's what made him one of the important faces of the movement. Also, Alain LeRoy Locke impacted the Harlem Renaissance because he was declared the father of the movement. In his book, “The New Negro, Locke examined the famous Harlem Renaissance for the general reading public. It also became a platform where he attacked the legacy of European supremacy by pointing out the great
The Harlem Renaissance was a pivotal point in history. While it did not break down the racial barriers associated with Jim Crow laws, the attitudes toward race did change. Most importantly, black pride became paramount as African Americans sought to express themselves artistically through art and literature, in an effort to create an identity for themselves equal to that of the white Americans (Gates Jr. and McKay). The Harlem Renaissance was the period of time between the end of World War I and the middle 1930s depression. Also called the New Negro Renaissance, it was a period in history when talented African American writers produced volumes of literary works.
The term “New Negro” transformed the stereotypical image of African Americans as ex-slaves that were ignorant and inferior, to a race of intellectuals who articulated their culture in writing, art, and music. The phrase “New Negro” was in use long before the Harlem Renaissance, but this school of thought was truly emphasized by Alain Locke in his book The New Negro: An Interpretation. The New Negro was put together for the purpose as described by Lock: "to document the New Negro culturally and socially, - to register the transformations of the inner and outer life of the Negro in America that have so significantly taken place in the last few years." It was felt that African Americans were eager to claim their own agency in culture and politics instead of just remaining a problem for the whites. The “New Negroes” included poets, novelists, and blues musicians creating their art out of their own African folk, her... ... middle of paper ... ... the development of black literature, and The Harlem Renaissance, or the New Negro Movement, marked a turning point for this literature.