Counselors can knowingly or unknowingly inflict values but doing so causes ethical dilemmas. If a counselor attempts to knowingly influence the attitudes, and beliefs of a client this is known as Value imposition. Counselors need to recognize these shortcomings and remain professional and or possibly refer clients to other professionals when necessary. If counselors are aware of their own personal values this will keep them focused and keep them from harming the client. Having conflicting values does not mean that a counselor can’t work with a client it just means they will must proceed with caution.
This may be negative for example if the orientation of the therapist contravenes the values of the client as is evidenced by the Christian values discussed above. It is also important for the therapist to be aware of the needs and the uniqueness of the circumstances of the clients such as in domestic violence. However, an efficient strategy is capable of ensuring that these forces do not affect the process. Lastly, the environment and the diversity of the population that one is working with play an important role in family systems therapy and should be considered critically.
Initially, some counsellor trainees are quite reluctant to help clients challenge themselves. They become victims of what has been called the “MUM effect,” the tendency to “keep mum about undesirable messages,” to withhold bad news even when it is in the other’s interest to hear it. The importance of perceptiveness is emphasised by Egan, because it is one of the core dimensions of listening skills in the counselling process. Feeling empathy for others is not helpful if the helper’s perceptions are not accurate. The kind of perceptiveness needed to be a good helper comes from basic intelligence, social intelligence, experience, reflecting on experience, developing wisdom, and, more immediately, tuning in to clients, listening carefully to what they have to say, and thoughtfully and objectively processing what they say.
There are different Codes of Ethics exist to establish ethical principles and guidelines for practitioners. The particular importance in Codes of Ethics is given to boundaries as a very important aspect of any therapeutic relationship. Boundaries set the structure of the relationship, help to maintain the standards of behaviour and make therapeutic relationship efficient, that will benefit the client, promote the service provided and protect both parties (O’Toole 2008, p. 147; Zur 2004, p. 1). If crossing boundaries occurs it is almost always affect the counsellor’s special position of trust as a professional, diminish the ability to help the client, which become damaging to the person seeking help (Gerald & Gerald 2012, p. 373). Boundary crossing usually occurs when counsellor or practitioner allow dual relationship with a client, which means assuming two or more roles.
In my own view, trust and confidentiality can be a double edged sword. Trust can be misplaced and affected the professional b... ... middle of paper ... ...ues which enable us to reveal the underlying issues that the clients have; which is the root of the problem. Conclusion All in all, this journal has provided a platform to reflect on how my own values and beliefs can influence clinical judgments. Although reflection is a good practice for counsellors, it also required efforts to do so. Nonetheless, this process can be effective when there is constant practice with the clients (Hanna, Giordano, & Bemak, 1996).
For instance, a therapist must become aware of the sociopolitical dynamics that form not only their clients’ views, but their own as well. Racial and cultural dynamics may interfere into the helping process and cause misdiagnosis, confusion, pain and reinforcement of biases and prejudices towards their client. Although, even if the therapist is from the same cultural background this can still be hard to counsel these clients because of different traditions, language dialects, family values, and ancestry. This does not mean that the therapist cannot help these clients, but this could hinder the therapist and client relationship if brought up in an entire different environment. For instance, you can have two individuals from the same cultural background and family values, but these individuals live in an entirely different environment or learned different family values and belief system.
There may be times when counselors may encounter a situation in where they must exercise personal and professional judgment because legal and professional requirement are inconsistent. At times the counselor may have to choose between actions that are legal, but not ethical, as in the case of a client that has expressed suicidal ideations. Ethical codes provide limited guidance to counselors for resolving ethical dilemmas. Counselors need to have critical analytical decision making skills to resolve them. Nevertheless, the six ethical principles will help rehabilitation profes... ... middle of paper ... ...imes, this alone will clarify the issues enough that the resolution of the dilemma will become obvious.
In doing so, this could lead to a breakdown in communication between the client and the counsellor and ultimately affect the outcome of the healing process. So it will be extremely important for the counsellor to be aware of these differences and to have strategies for dealing with any cross-culture barriers that may arise. If not don’t correctly, then it will be very difficult for the counsellor to build a trusting relationship that is essential for the counselling process to take place. (Geldard and Geldard, Basic Personal Counselling, P355, 2012) The following are some of the primary conflicts or misunderstandings that can occur when counselling a client from a different culture to your own: Assumptions of similarities It is very easy to assume that our cultural paradigm is “normal”. If we meet someone that has a different perspective on how the world works and views it differently from our own then we may judge them negatively on their beliefs.
In the event a family member does not tolerate the resuscitation well, it could detract from patient care and thus be detrimental to the patient. For example, members of the resuscitation may need to step away from patient care to aid family members. An additional concern cited is family presence could increase the stress experienced by the resuscitation team and thus detract from patient care. Beneficence and nonmaleficence are ethical principles that are hand-in-hand with overlapping evidence citations. A distracted resuscitation team has the potential to harm the patient.
Ethnocentrism can be understood as implying that his/her own ethnic group is superior to another, thus treating the next culture as inferior. This will negatively impact the nursing practice because it can result in misdiagnosis and miscommunication. An ethnocentric nurse would be unable to assess the needs of a patient due to implementing their own personal norms and/or comparing it to their own personal behaviors. This will essentially hinder the nurse-client relationship by causing the client to withhold information and/or resent the nurse. Stereotyping can be defined as simplifying or generalizing the norms of a specific ethnic group.