Brinck Kerr and Will Miller (1997) believe that it is necessary for non-white American families to participate in elections in order to obtain equal representation that they are now lacking. They go on to say that political representation is the key t... ... middle of paper ... ...to ethnic prejudice and discrimination as the United States continues to assimilate into the melting pot for the American dream. Political participation, education, and the number of children within the home are variables that allow the transition to become a less arduous process for white American families. However, if non-white American families continue to do poorly in terms of economic development because of these variables, non-whites will continue to lag behind the income scale in comparison to whites. Research along these lines will lead to the study of relative differences between ethnic cultures.
If compulsory voting were to be established levels of voting would increase significantly which would most likely improve the validity of representation in government. Governments elected by only a small percentage of U.S citizens are unrepresentative of the population, and consequently may not be perceived as legitimate. The United States should pass a law implementing mandatory voting to raise voter turnout in elections and create a more credible representation of the United States population. In order to make this argument, one must first understand what compulsory voting is and the reasoning for why it should be enforced. Compulsory voting can be defined very simply as the legal obligation to attend the polls at election time and perform whatever duties are required there of electors (Birch 2).
Civil Rights of American citizens have drastically changed because of Affirmative action. With almost anything in politics, there is a debate for and against Affirmative action. Supporters of this say that this helps encourage e... ... middle of paper ... ...ent needs to make more of an effort for reparations. I is not possible to return ALL of their land but a concentrated effort to help raise the socio-economic level of this ethnic group and their communities could go a long way to continuing a long, historical culture. 8.In order for political success, both sides of the political spectrum must be critically examined in order to omit mistakes and for cultural advancement.
Term limits increase the likelihood of turnover in state legislatures. Term limits also weaken seniority systems in state legislatures. Term limits help non-traditional candidates such as Hispanic, African American and Asian to run for seats in state legislatures. It is time to change the system so that people who care about the future of our nation and our state can and will compete fairly to represent us. That is what democracy was meant to be, and that is what it can be again.
Race and Representation in Congress The topic of race, redistricting, and minority representation in Congress has emerged as one of the most salient issues in contemporary political thought. The creation of so‑called majority minority districts has been attacked as unfair and racially polarizing by some observers and ultimately struck down as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. The study of race in relation to American politics and institutions, and, in particular, to the institution of Congress, has produced a wealth of research and literature in recent years. This scope of budding research ranges from legislative activity and Congressional voting to the electoral process and campaigning. This study examines the effects of race in Congressional elections and campaigning, and will be primarily focused on constituent relationships with members of the House of Representatives.
Today’s democratic societies practice representative democracy but the ideal of a true representative democracy, where those elected to power mirror the population of a given society is inconsistent with reality. The reality is that, there is an underrepresentation of different minority groups both in terms of their presence in the political assemblies and in terms of their substantive representation. History has shown that minority groups have been continuously underrepresented in most of the world’s democratic societies, and while there have been small improvements in some countries, for the most part minorities in general have yet to make any impressive gain towards more effective political representation. In the existing literature, the under-representation of minorities in countries across the world and the potential impact of the Single Member Plurality and “pure” Proportional Representation systems on that representation have been studied extensively by authors and social scientists such as Norris (2004), Lijphart (1994), Blais (2008), Pitkin (1997), Reynolds and Reilly (2005) and Diamond (2008). While those studies have shown that minorities are better represented under “pure” proportional representation (PR) than under Single Member Plurality systems, little is known about the propensity of Mixed Member Proportional systems to provide minority groups with access to power and or better representation.
But, the first amendment has been used as a loophole in politics for too long. While infringing on the first amendment may threaten one of our sacred constitutional liberties, the corruption of campaign elections could eradicate the very democracy that is the backbone of our constitution which provides Americans with such liberties. The problems that arise with the increased role of money in elections are plentiful. With such a growth in large ind... ... middle of paper ... ...e reform would hurt powerful minority groups like the NRA or Phillip Morris that wish to improve their situations through political influences. But campaign finance reform would be better for the vast majority.
Posner argues that this is good because a regional president would likely alienate many voters who didn’t vote for them because they might feel like that president would not protect their interests. Furthermore, he argued that the creation of swing states by the Electoral College is a bonus. According to Posner, these states have more educated and thoughtful voters, because they have been at the heart of the campaigns. This means that the decisive voters would be the most prepared. Lastly, Posner argued that the Electoral College balances out the states well.
Although there are many benefits to promoting democracy, such as: decreased interstate conflict through increased accountability in democratic leadership, sharing of resources, and increased representation of public opinion; the drawbacks of promoting democracy are much more significant. The cost of democracy building is substantial, governments in war prone regions are very unstable, and the interests of the public may be nationalistic, ethnocentric, or genocidal. Costs associated with foreign policy promoting democracy abroad are a major concern for voters in the United States. Many tax dollars go into providing the necessary resources to establish democratic governments abroad. Promoting democracy can be very expensive and there is no guarantee that there will be success in creating a democratic government in many states.
In America today, there is a growing problem regarding the media’s portrayal of race inequality. Whether the media is television, cable, radio or social sites, an individual’s race seems to be highlighted rather than focusing on the actual story being covered. This is best said when the Freedom House states, “The United States is…unique with respect to the number and magnitude of the laws, policies, enforcement and monitoring agencies that are meant principally to curb racial bias, enhance racial integration, and direct public attention to actions and policies deemed to have an unfair impact on African Americans or other minorities, most notably Hispanics” (Racial Inequality). In the fast paced world in which we live, these stories can be