Nursing Code of Ethics The nursing principles of ethics is the duty contained within the code of conduct. Nursing is a morally responsible profession in which duties must be carried out with respect to the individual. Nurses have a nonnegotiable obligation in maintaining the optimal health and quality of life of a patient. The patient is the main commitment in providing nursing care, along with the families and communities. The nurses concern for the patient’s well being is represented in the provision of the Code of Ethics.
The core values that form the foundation of the nursing profession are altruism, autonomy, human dignity, and social justice. Altruism is the ability to be selfless and instead have a dedication to the welfare of others. In the nursing profession, the nurse provides love and shows kindness for not only her patient but also for herself.
Ethics has been a popular topic in nursing for a long time. Nurses are expected to demonstrate ethical decision-making as well as professionalism. I believe that in order to accomplish this, they need to use the ANA Code of Ethics as framework for their decision-making. It is also imperative for nurses to have a strong understanding of ethics, because they will be faced with many difficult ethical decisions that do not always have a straightforward solution. The ethical professional nurse is a nurse who bases their care off of moral values.
Working in health care is an important job. People put their trust in us to do our very best to provide them with the absolute best care. Being entrusted with such responsibility requires nurses to conduct themselves both professionally and ethically. Nurses must adhere to the professional values of human dignity, integrity, autonomy, altruism, and social justice. It is these five values that guide us in our practice and as nurses we must promote and emulate these values.
The Professional Values in Nursing serves as a foundation for nursing practice and how it is translated into practice. As nurses, it is our job to take on the responsibility of promoting values through our actions and develop respect and grow self-awareness as we interact with our patients. We are the voice for our patients, the advocates and show concern for those who are vulnerable. Core Professional Values There are five Core Professional Nursing Values: Altruism, Autonomy, Human dignity, Integrity and Social justice. Altruism, “the term is derived from Latin ‘alteri’ or ‘the other’, and describes unselfish attention to the needs of others” (Haigh, 2010, p. 1402).
“Care can be considered simply an ethical task and thus a burden of one more thing to do, or it can be considered a commitment to attending to and becoming enthusiastically involved in the patient’s needs” (Applying the Ethics of Care to your Nursing Practice, page 116). In this model, nurses need to be knowledgeable about human behavior and responses to health problems, individual needs, how to respond to others, and the strengths and limitations of the patient and family. The nurse also comforts and offers compassion, and empathy to the patient and family. There are many concepts in Jean Watson’s Theory of caring. The three major concepts that will be discussed are: transpersonal caring relationship, caring occasion/caring moment and the ten caritas processes.
Five values which epitomized the professional nurse are as follow: altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity, and social justice. Every nurse should carefully examine himself to see if he possesses those traits for they are essential for nursing practice. Altruism in Taylor’s words is a concern for the welfare and well-being of others (2008). It is no secret that a nurse’s job is primarily care based; therefore, it is of utmost importance to reflect altruism in nursing practice. Behaviors which reflect altruism are showing an understanding of cultures, beliefs, and perspective of others, advocating for patients, taking risks on behalf of patients, and mentoring other professionals.
This is proved as Davis (2005) states, “From a patient perspective, the caring presence that emanates from nurses, positively impacts patients’ hospital experience,” (p.127) As nurses, caring is the absolute root of nursing practice. Preserving patients’ privacy and dignity involves aspects such as closing doors or screens and making sure they are covered while doing so, (Royal College of Nursing, 2015). The Code of Ethics outlines the importance of Registered Nurses supporting the person, family, group, population or community receiving care in maintaining their dignity and integrity, (Canadian Nurses Association, 2008). All these factors involved with the Code of Ethics greatly impact the nursing practice of
In today’s society nursing meets all the requirements of being a profession. To be considered a profession, one has to be dedicated to their career, abide by standards and a code of ethics, and have a higher education and a body of knowledge, duty to provide service, have autonomy and be part of a professional organization. Nurses take the traditional role of caring for loved ones to a whole new level of care. Registered nurses abide by a code of ethics as set forth by the American Nurses Association. Some of the ethics nurses live out are: commitment to the patient, practice with compassion and respect, accountability and responsibility for owns actions and collaborating with other health care providers (Code of Ethics for Nurses, 2015).
“The nurse respects the worth, dignity and rights of all human beings irrespective of the nature of the health problem” (ANA, 2001, p. 7). A nurse is the person the patient and their families rely on for help with most issues occurring in the medical facility. Therefore, a nurse must be prepared to deal with many different kinds of patients/people while still respecting their beliefs and thoughts. As a nurse there are certain qualities they must attain if they don’t have them already to be successful in their career. “Being honest, responsible, organized, and caring are some of the most important qualities that nurses should be.” Pg.6 (Ludwig, Burton, 2014).