Medications

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Medications o Pain Medications o Anxiolytic/Hypnotics o Anti-depressants o Mood Stabilizers o Antipsychotics/Neuroleptics o Anticonvulsants/Seizures Medications o Stimulants o Cognitive Enhancers o Steroids (Each of these medication categories will be automatically identified by the software based on the lists that follow. The user will be provided with the appropriate section on Jon’s list that provides both a list of related medications within this category and comments on the potential impact on testing.) Pain Medications: Opiates and synthetic opioids (Morphine, Dilaudid, Tylenol #3, Vicodin, Oxycontin, Tramadol, Fentanyl, Oxycodone, Codeine, Methadone) Comment: These medications tend to be habit forming, tend to induce tolerance and are sometimes used by patients for their anti-anxiety and/or soporific properties. Opiates and synthetic opiates, particularly at higher doses and/or in combination with anti-anxiety medications and/or alcohol may compromise attention, concentration and performance on tasks that require mental speed, power, stamina and flexibility. Anxiolytic/Hypnotic: Benzodiazepines: Valium (Diazepam), Librium (Chlordiazepoxide), Xanax (Alprazolam), Clonazepam (Klonopin), Clorazeptate (Tranxene), Estazolam (ProSom), Eszopiclone (Lunesta), Flurazepam (Dalmane), Lorazepam (Ativan), Oxazepam (Serax), Quazepam (Doral), Temazepam (Restoril), Triazolam (Halcion) Comment: These medications have potent anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, anti-convulsant and amnestic properties. When administered intravenously or in high doses, benzodiazepines may produce anterograde amnesia. Their effects are potentiated by narcotics and alcohol. Sudden discontinuation of benzodiazepines... ... middle of paper ... ...(Cognex), Donepezil (Aricept), Rivastigime (Exelon), Galantamine (Razadyne, Razadyne ER) NMDA Receptor antagonists: Memantine (Namentadine) Comments: These drugs are reported to produce mild to modest improvement in cognition in patients in the early to mid-stages of dementia of the Alzheimer’s type. The most frequent side effects are gastrointestinal. Steroid Medications: Hydrocortisone (Cortet, Hydrocortone, Cortisol, A-hydroCort, Solu-Cortet), Prednisone (Cortan, Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Orasone), Prednisolone (Orapred, Pediapred, Prelone) Methylprednisolone (Medrol, Meprolone, Solu Medrol, Depo Medrol, Medrol Dosepak), Dexamethasone (Decadron, Dexameth, Dexone, Hexadrol) Comment: When taken in high potency forms or intravenously, steroids may produce quiet confusional states, agitated delirium, anxiety, depression, and/or psychosis. T
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