Malathion Research Paper

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Malathion is an organophosphate insecticide (NPIC, 2009). This class of insecticides kills insects by disrupting their brains and nervous systems (Rauner, B. 2016). These chemicals, unfortunately, also have the potential to harm the brains and nervous systems of animals and humans. Specifically, these chemicals stop a key enzyme in the nervous system, cholinesterase, from working. While certain classes are more poisonous than others, over all the effects of Malathion depend on the concentration of exposure, length of time, and way the person is exposed. Malathion is also an ingredient in shampoos, regulated by the USDA to control head lice. While the risks and dangers of Malathion sound daunting, the actual research done shows that these are simply potential harms. In fact, Malathion, when used in moderate doses, typically shows a very low level of toxicity. The possible harm caused from Malathion is generally in extreme cases, with exceptional subjects, and in very high levels of exposure. When it comes down to it, Malathion is a perfectly safe to use…show more content…
In addition to the risk of actual introduction, orally, are minimal, Malathion is very low in toxicity when ingested. When introduced to small amounts for short periods of time via the skin, effects were also minimal. Studies done showed minor skin irritations. In studies on eye irritation, Malathion proved to cause slight eye irritation that typically cleared up within seven days. When inhaled, results were similar. While typically low in toxicity (when inhaled in small amounts, for short periods of time), some animals showed reduced plasma CHe activity after exposure. No studies have been done on long-term effects, however. It is thought that a lethal dose will not typically be used in the treatment of insects. However long-term exposure, as well as highly concentrated exposure, may lead to cancer, birth defects, reproductive toxicity, and even
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