Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by the female anopheles mosquitoes. It is responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths each year among adults and children in regions of Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and South America. The life cycle of malaria occurs in the human body and mosquito organisms. Malaria can be classified into different variations. They are different on severity and the kinds of symptoms each type of malaria presents. The diagnostic tests used to diagnose malaria have their own advantages and disadvantages. The difference in severity and symptoms among the types of malaria results in different treatments that designed for each type. Due to the fact that malaria affects large populations in different areas and causes many deaths annually, a lot of effort and resources have been put into the research for the creation of a vaccine that can treat the disease. By taking the necessary precautions, educating the population, employing current prevention techniques and actions, and early detection of infection, the decrease in malaria cases can be achieved, making the goal of having malaria under control and possibly eradicated a more feasible accomplishment for the future.
Five different Plasmodium (P.) protozoal parasites cause the malaria disease in human beings, and they are P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. knowlesi. Each species of Plasmodium parasite affects the human host in a different way, their life cycles may be different, and their severity and symptoms may also differ. The life cycle begins with the female anopheles mosquito, the carrier of the parasites, biting a human being, which transfers sporozoites into the body. Shortly after the sporozoites enter the body, about...
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...h current treatments, prevention campaigns, and mosquito control can decrease the rate of malaria infection, which could result in having under control. However, until a vaccine is approved to be effective or another more successful treatment is develop, the people will have to rely on current methods to try to deal the deaths and other problems attributed to malaria.
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