Malaria (also called biduoterian fever, blackwater fever, falciparum malaria, plasmodium, Quartan malaria, and tertian malaria) is one of the most infectious and most common diseases in the world. This serious, sometimes-fatal disease is caused by a parasite that is carried by a certain species of mosquito called the Anopheles. It claims more lives every year than any other transmissible disease except tuberculosis. Every year, five hundred million adults and children (around nine percent of the world’s population) contract the disease and of these, one hundred million people die. Children are more susceptible to the disease than adults, and in Africa, where ninety percent of the world’s cases occur and where eighty percent of the cases are treated at home, one in twenty children die of the disease before they reach the age of five.
Malaria Introduction to Malaria Malaria is a deadly disease, responsible for 300,000,000 malaria-infected people and over a million deaths annually. It is caused by malaria parasites that have infected mosquitoes, so the disease is transferred into a person’s blood when the mosquito bites us. Malaria-diseased people experience fevers and chills that lingers every few days. The diagnosis of malaria is identified in their blood along with the symptoms. Malaria requires different treatment for mild cases or more severe ones, like mild circumstances usually need an oral medication, but serious conditions need a hospital visit.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Plasmodium Malaria is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite and transported by the Anopheles mosquito. Fever is the most common symptom of malaria. Other symptoms include arthralgia and vomiting. The most common diagnosis process for this disease is looking at the patient’s blood under a microscope. If microscopy is not available, antigen detection tests can be used.
Malaria is spread when the mosquito picks up the parasites from the blood of an infected human when it feeds. The mosquito will first recieve the malaria parasite from feeding on the blood of a person who may not neccessarily show symptoms of the disease, but has the parasites in their bloodstream. When the mosquito feeds again, these parasites will be passed on to another human being. Symptoms of malaria include fever, shivering, pain in the joints, headache, repeated vomiting, generalized convulsions, and coma. If not treated, the disease, especially that caused by protozoa falciparum, will progress to severe malaria.
The liver after the attack becomes swollen, causing its cell to burst and consequently, it releases the merozoite which is an egg cell, beginning then their life cycle. In addition, once the merozoite finds the perfect conditions in the bloodstream, it rapidly invades the red blood cells and begins to grow and at this point, symptoms of malaria start to become visible. It is difficult to detect the earlier symptoms of malaria because depending on the patient, it might not be specific. However, after ten to fifteen day after the mosquito bite, a patient may experience symptoms such as headache, muscle pains, abdominal discomfort, fatigue, vomit, fever, etc. Furthermore, the malaria parasites also destroy the intracellular proteins present in the red blood cells, mainly the hemoglobin, infecting the red blood cells and causing its rupture.
Mosquito-borne diseases are common around the world. Mosquitos get the infectious diseases when they bite animals. Those mosquitos then are infected and spread the disease to humans. Many serious diseases such as the West Nile virus, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and dog heartworm can be passed by infected mosquitos (Day 7). Malaria is a serious, sometimes life-threatening disease common in third world countries.
Through a Mosquito, it enters the bloodstream and after 2 weeks of incubating, it multiplies and takes over red blood cells. Because of its ability to evolve and widespread use of the best drug used to fight it, it is becoming drug-resistant. "The population structure of the resistant parasites in the region is 'strikingly different' to other countries." "It is as if there are different ethnic groups of artemisinin-resistant parasites inhabiting in the same region." Increased efforts are needed to prevent the malaria from spreading around the world.
WHAT IS DENGUE FEVER? (& Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever) Dengue is a disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. The potentially fatal disease is caused by a group of four viruses that are mosquito born. WHAT ARE THE FOUR DENGUE VIRUSES? Dengue and Dengue Fever are caused by one of four virus serotypes: DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, DEN-4.
How can we stop malaria? Malaria is a disease which effect both humans and animals and it is caused by the spread of the Plasmodium parasite. This parasite uses the female Anopheles mosquito as vector in order to infect a human or animal with the parasite; when a person is bitten by an infected mosquito, sporozoites enter the blood and travel to the liver. In the liver they divide to become merozites which then move back into the bloodstream where they infect red blood cells. In the red blood cells they divide further, exploding from the cells every 48-72 hours causing waves of illness.
What is the disease: Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease to humans and other animals which is caused by parasitic protozoans. You develop it by a female infected mosquito with parasites transmitting its bite through the skin. This can cause severe redness on the area and continuous itching which can cause the bite to inflame. Malaria is quite rare in countries such as the United States, but it is most commonly found in countries such as Southern Asia and Africa. It is said that there is 20 species around the world but there are 4 most common species that cause the disease in humans a few are known as: Plasmodium falciparum, this is the most deadly out of all 4 to humans this lies in the salivary glands of the mosquito and it is transmitted to humans by the females of the Anopheles of the mosquito.