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Drug-Resistant Malaria In Cambodia Essay

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Drug-Resistant Malaria in Cambodia
What kills more than two thousand children a day could potentially spread around the world. All of the most effective drugs used on this disease in the last evades have gradually been rendered useless by its ability to evolve and develop. It is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are spread to people through the bites of infected Mosquitos. The most deadly of this disease lies in Cambodia. This deadly and drug-resistant disease is malaria. The story of drug-resistant malaria in Cambodia is significant because people in other countries could be affected and must be aware of the fact that it is becoming immune to the most powerful drugs used to fight it.
The reasons why Western Cambodia is a big place for drug-resistance are unknown. The falciparith parasite that lies in Cambodia is one of the four types of malaria and is the most deadly. Through a Mosquito, it enters the bloodstream and after 2 weeks of incubating, it multiplies and takes over red blood cells. Because of its ability to evolve and widespread use of the best drug used to fight it, it is becoming drug-resistant. "The population structure of the resistant parasites in the region is 'strikingly different' to other countries." "It is as if there are different ethnic groups of artemisinin-resistant parasites inhabiting in the same region." Increased efforts are needed to prevent the malaria from spreading around the world.
If this malaria is left untreated, the infected cells can block blood vessels and fatally cut off blood supply to vital organs. This disease kills around 600,000 people each year. Artemisinin is the first line of defence against the malaria and the malaria is becoming immune to this drug. To protect aga...

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... develop resistance. This means that this disease will most likely be around for a long period of time, as the drugs developed will eventually become useless. Resistance to malaria drugs is a natural consequence of widespread use of the drug. This means that the drugs should not be used often, but if it spreads, they will have to be used more. To protect against this, the global authorities are trying to assure that the best drug used to fight it is only sold as a combination pill with other anti-malaria medicines.
The story of drug-resistant malaria in Cambodia is significant because people in other countries could be affected and must be aware of the fact that it is becoming immune to the most powerful drugs used to fight it. So many people have died from this deadly disease and so many are dying from it already, so many more are at risk and they must be aware.
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