Summary: Leptospirosis is a major tropical disease which can be seen endemic in most of the tropical and subtropical countries affecting human populations. Leptospira is a genus of spirochetes and is known to cause leptospirosis. This genus family includes organisms and its variants with a lifestyle falling in the range of invasive pathogens to aquatic saprophytes. These Leptospira species has got adapted to various climatic conditions and environmental factors, thereby, acquiring a large genome
Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is disease that is seen worldwide in both humans and animals. Leptospirosis can affect most mammals and has a multitude of clinical signs or symptoms and has varying degrees of infectivity. It can be tricky to diagnose, can be fatal, and has the potential of infecting humans. Leptospirosis is a disease that is becoming increasingly prominent in the world and has even been causing epidemics in countries because it is frequently misunderstood. For these reasons alone it
People were getting sick and even dying, and with more rainy conditions on the way, the outbreak was set to get worse before it got better. The culprit behind the Philippine citizens’ extra misfortune was the bacterial disease Leptospirosis (Huston, 2012). Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by bacterial species found within the genus Leptospira. Historically, leptospires have been classified into two species, pathogenic L. interrogans and non-pathogenic L. biflexa. According to current
Leptospirosis is one of the main reasons of acute febrile illness and cause widespread zoonotic disease in the world, transmitted from reservoir hosts (typically rodents) to humans via water or contaminated soil. This disease is more prevalent in tropical and subtropical part of the world and has definitely influences public health. Their highly adverse effect has also been observed on the agricultural industry due to abortions, sterility, and death in livestock. Leptospires from the contaminated
those diseases. Leptospirosis “has been attributed to more than 200 pathogenic serovars from the genus Leptospira” (Raghavan).” This disease brings deaths to dogs across the world every year and can be prevented by proper care and proper knowledge of the disease. The disease is not always prevalent in symptoms but the canine is the primary carrier of this disease, creating a large problem with minimal to do about controlling it. With a seasonal prevalence of canine leptospirosis cases, the disease
Dogs: Vaccination, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. Lyme Disease Dog Symptoms and Canine Treatment." Lyme Disease Dog Symptoms and Canine Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. "How to Identify, Treat and Prevent Leptospirosis in Dogs." About.com Veterinary Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
Importance of personal hygiene was felt by majority of respondents and an overwhelming proportion of meat handlers were agreed to the public health importance of their work/business, while very few respondents disagreed regarding its importance and very less proportion of respondents of meat handlers were unaware. Most of respondents agreed that hand washing is important as far personal hygiene is concerned. The findings were in agreement with the result of Junaidu et al.  and Sneed et al.
Malaysia has definitely seen its share of problems throughout the years. Unfortunately, these problems seem to be continuing on with no end in sight. The Malaysian government, who is in control of creating specific types of agencies when needed, is the only ones who have enough authority to address all of these problems and have some type of response come from it. The government in Malaysia ultimately decides when certain laws are passed or thrown out. Because they are the main decision makers of
There are four main global environmental problems that we are facing in the current world. Which are haze, increase in human population, technology and waste land. These four global environmental issues require urgent attention to create the ecology friendly. As a matter of fact the purpose of eco friendly is to protect our mother nature such as air, water, land, flora and fauna. Therefore, if we do not preserve the green house gases it can ultimately affect the risk of human health all around the
infection, West Nile virus infection, Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Avian influenza and Monkeypoxvirus infection. 2) Bacterial: Lyme borreliosis, Ehrlichiosis, Bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis), Brucella spp., Tularemia, Plague and Leptospirosis. 3) Parasite: Cysticercosis/Taeniasis, Rematodosis, Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis, Toxoplasmosis and Trichinellosis. 4) Fungi: Dermatophytoses and Sporotrichosis. Zoonosis has been an unknown threat to human kind since the ancient times when sanitation