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Sisterhood Historically, women have been relegated to a limited role in society. In our male dominated culture, a considerable number of people view the natural role of women to be that of mothers and wives. Thus, for many, women are assumed to be more suited for childbearing and homemaking than for involvement in public life. Despite these widespread and governing beliefs, women, frustrated and tired of their inferiority and subordination, began seeking personal and political equality, including equal pay, reproductive choice, and freedom from conventional societal restraints. Massive opposition to a demand for women’s equality with men prompted the organization of women to fight collectively for their rights.
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. Phillips, Melanie, The Ascent of Woman: A History of the Suffragette Movement (Abacus, 2004). Pomeroy, Sarah B. Goddess, Whores, Wives, and Slaves: Women in Classical Antiquity. New York: Schocken Books. 1975.
Dover Publications, 2004. Fennell, Dorothy E. "Common Sense and a Little Fire: Women and Working-Class Politics in the United States, 1900-1965," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, v49 n4 (1996): July, pp. 773-774. Keep, Christopher. "The cultural work of the Type-Writer Girl," Victorian Studies, V40 n3 (1997): Spring, pp.
Robson, Ruthann. "The Reader's Companion to U.S. Women's History: Marriage." Houghton Mifflin Study Center. 19 Nov. 2005. http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/women/html/wh_022200_marriage.htm. "Women in Society: Britain."
May 13, 2007 Found at: http://voices.yahoo.com/feminism-kate-chopins-awakening-337709.html?cat=52 Skaggs, Peggy. "The Awakening".Kate Chopin. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1985.
McKnight, Natalie. Suffering Mothers in Mid-Victorian Novels. New York: St. Martin’s, 1997. Shiman, Lillian Lewis. Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England.
Devereaux, Johanna “Affecting the Shade”: Attribution, Authorship, and Anonymity in An Essay in Defence of the Female Se,Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature(Vol 27) Number 1, Spring 2008, pp. 17-37 http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/tulsa_studies_in_womens_literature/summary/v027/27.1.devereaux. html Jones, Vivien Women in the eighteenth century: constructions of femininity, Routledge, 1990
The Awakening of Feminism In the novella The Awakening, the author Kate Chopin depicts the life of a female protagonist named Edna Pontellier. Edna, a wife, a mother and socialite, refuses her societal roles impressed upon her by her husband and peers. Two key female relationships in this story act as a catalyst to Edna Pontellier’s awakening. Edna’s dramatic discovery of self defines her character throughout the novella, detailing her feministic view on the societal roles of Creole women during the late nineteen hundreds. Edna chooses individuality by expressing her artistic interests and by exploring her sexuality.
Albany: State University of New York, 2001. N. pag. Print. Wood, Lisa. Modes of Discipline: Women, Conservatism, and the Novel after the French Revolution.