Haney-Peritz, Janice. "Monumental Feminism and Literature's Ancestral House: Another Look at 'The Yellow Wallpaper'" Women's Studies. 12 (1986): 113-128. Kasmer, Lisa. "Charlotte Perkins Gilman's 'The Yellow Wallpaper': A Symptomatic Reading."
Studying the difference between sex and gender, Nivedita Menon a feminist critic argues, “The initial move was to use the term sex to refer to the biological differences between men and women, while gender indicated the vast range of cultural meanings attached to that basic difference.” Further she states that this kind of distinction is important for feminism to mark because the subordination of women had been fundamentally justified on the grounds of the biological differences between men and women. So it is understood that the sex and gender distinction has been further developed into feminist theory. There is also a debate whether feminism is a theory or a critical practice. Roman Seldom Peter, Widow Son and Peter Brooker have of the opinion, “Indeed, some feminists have not wished to embrace theory at all, precisely because, in academic institutions theory is male.” Marry Eagleton, a prominent feminist critic argues that, “A suspicion of theory…throughout feminism’, because of its tendency to reinforce the hierarchical binary opposition between an ‘impersonal’, ‘disinterested’, ‘objective’, ‘public’, ‘male’ theory, and a ‘personal’, ‘subjective’, ‘private’, ‘female’ experience.” In this context, Feminism, as theory and practice, means contradiction, interchange, debate based on a series of creative oppositions, of critiques and counter–critiques. It also means challenging, subverting and expending not only other (male) theories but its own positions and agenda.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman is known as the first American writer who has feminist approach. Gilman criticises inequality between male and female during her life, hence it is mostly possible to see the traces of feminist approach in her works. She deals with the struggles and obstacles which women face in patriarchal society. Moreover, Gilman argues that marriages cause the subordination of women, because male is active, whereas female plays a domestic role in the marriage. Gilman also argues that the situation should change; therefore women are only able to accomplish full development of their identities.
It can be inferred that the author’s main goal is for this literary work to serve as a message to the people along with changing the society in relation to these problems. The author mentions several issues of the society including how women are treated. Pertaining to women’s role in the society, the Middle Ages was also considered a patriarchal society which is why in the tales, the author depicts the inequality that is resulting from this. Despite what many would think based on his writing, Chaucer is not a misogynist. Chaucer only shows the perception of women in his society with an indication of his feminist views as well.
One definition of gender is the membership of a word or grammatical form, or an inflectional form showing membership, in such a class. Gender critics take masculinity and feminism, as well as male and female, and use those theories to analyze writings. In books, or other writings, masculinity and feminism are used in order to describe how a character is seen by other characters. Feminism is the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men. It is also a feminine character.
Our topic was on the social and social psychological dynamics of sexuality and gender in the patriarchal system, so we related this to Chapter 4 in Dude You’re a Fag: Compulsive heterosexuality, Masculinity and Dominance. We use many examples from the book which relate to many relief examples occurring all over in today’s society, as well as including a discussion of how certain feminist are trying to pin point and make changes too this issue. Masculinity is constructed in ways that marginalize femininity, emphasizing how men often use women as "props" to signify a masculine identity and reproduce masculine forms of superiority. Subordination of women to men is prevalent in large parts of the world. We come across experiences where women are not only treated like less than but are also subject to discriminations, humiliations, exploitations, oppressions, control and violence.
Feminism is commonly thought of as a tool for educating society on the rights of women. It teaches that a woman is equal to a man in every civil and societal accord. Realizing this is not always the case, Charlotte Bunch, a noted lesbian feminist of the 1970s also defined feminism as "a way of looking at the world - a questioning of power [and] domination issues" (WIE). Many feminists attempt to bulrush the ideals of stereotypical women and push them away from those who believe in these standards. "Feminist scholars also seek to question and transform androcentric [sic] systems of thought which position the male as the norm," says Barbara McManus.
The Oxford Dictionary defines feminism as an advocacy of woman’s rights and sexual equality. In this context, it would be appropriate to label Gilman as an early feminist. She is prepared to use so-called male methods of manipulation, shrewdness, and defiance. The author has clearly presented a gender confrontation, evaluates the circumstances of certain conflicts, and provides approaches to escape them. Works cited -Perkins Gilman, Charlotte.
It is still a male’s world today; women need to fight for equality in order to prove that female is not a weak role. By relating to the domestic violence against women in Crenshaw’s article, it has given the conception that women are generally viewed below men since women are dependent and powerless. Women’s dependences somehow lead to the violence against themselves by men. The development of human beings has passed down a concept that masculinity is the most influential power. To cut off the traditional thoughts against the two genders, the best way is to address feminist protections toward women.
As most are aware, this period of history highlights the inequalities between females and males. A topic that has been analyzed by Chinu Acebe, Levine Nett, J.Case Tompkins, and other feminist theorists. Thus, this paper argues that feminist literary theory is a useful tool to analyze gender inequality in Chinu Acebe Thing Falls Apart (1958). In particular, the concept of patriarchy, liberal feminism and gendered division labor enable critical examination of patriarchal domination in Achebe’s seminal text. Firstly, according to D. Welly Weisberg, the concept of patriarchy is defined and understood to be a system of male domination that oppresses women through its social, political and economic institutions.